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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > HURFOM and other human rights material about the Mon

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HURFOM and other human rights material about the Mon

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Rehmonnya" - human rights and media website (English/ Mon/ Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: "The HURFOM was founded by pro-democracy students from the 1988 uprising and more recent activists and Mon community leaders and youths, and it main aim is for the restoration of democracy, human rights and genuine peace in Burma. HURFOM is a non-profit organization and all its members are volunteers who have the same opinion for the same aim. By accepting the main aim, we would like to participate in struggle for the establishment of a democratic Burma doing our part as a local ethnic human rights group, which is monitoring the human rights situation in Mon territory and other areas southern part of Burma. We provide information and reports to all campaign organizations to get helps from the international community for democratic reform in Burma. For this project, HURFOM has produced a monthly human rights report, with the name of “The Mon Forum” for 9 years."
Language: English, Mon, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2004


Title: Monland Restoration Council
Description/subject: Lots of stuff on the site -- news, statements, research, articles in Mon and English, list of Mon organisations, links, photo gallery, Mon politics, literature and history and lots more.
Language: English, Mon
Source/publisher: Monland Restoration Council
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Individual Documents

Title: HURFOM 20th Anniversary Pamphlet မြန္ျပည္လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးေဖာင္ေဒးရွင္း ႏွစ္-၂၀ ျပည့္ လက္ကမ္းစာေစာင္ (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: မြန္ျပည္လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးေဖာင္ေဒးရွင္း၏ ႏွစ္ (၂၀) ျပည့္အမွတ္တရ ထုတ္ေ၀သည့္ လက္ကမ္းစာေစာင္
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland - Burma (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 April 2016


Title: Coercion, Cruelty and Collateral Damage: An assessment of grave violations of children’s rights in conflict zones of southern Burma
Date of publication: January 2012
Description/subject: "Research by the Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) has demonstrated that grave violations of children’s rights continue to occur in southern Burma despite the creation, by the United Nations, of the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) pursuant to United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 on Children and Armed Conflict passed in 2005. The Burmese government has failed to meet the time-bound action plan under Resolution 1612, demonstrated by the fact that WCRP researchers found numerous accounts of ‘grave violations’ under United Nations Security Council’s Resolution 1612 on children and armed conflict. These violations, committed by Burmese soldiers against children in southern Burma, include recruitment of child soldiers, killing and maiming, rape and sexual abuse, and forced labor. Though the Burmese government agreed to the implementation of a monitoring and reporting mechanism (MRM), pursuant to Resolution 1612, to report on instances of these grave violations, WCRP has found that abuses have continued unabated since 2005. The data detailed below provide evidence of widespread and systematic abuses, the vast majority of which were committed by soldiers from the Tatmadaw, the Burmese military. These confirmed cases of grave violations, taken from just 15 villages in two townships, committed over a period of 5 years, suggest that the Burmese government has failed to live up to its obligations under international law to protect children during situations of armed conflict. Limitations imposed by the Burmese government on the UN country team has made it difficult for them to receive, or verify, accounts of grave violations, in turn preventing the MRM from making a noticeable impact on the continued widespread abuse of children in southern Burma. WCRP’s data strongly suggests that the real numbers of abuses against children is vastly greater than officially recognized. Additionally, despite the fact that WCRP’s primary research covered only the period from 2005 through November 2010, recent updated reports suggest that all of the violations documented by WCRP have continued to occur over the course of the past year. Despite the political changes that may be underway in Naypyidaw, children in areas where armed conflict is ongoing continue to suffer grave violations. Thus, the international community must take further action to ensure that the MRM can effectively protect the rights of Burma’s children and realize the objective put forth in Resolution 1612, an end to the grave violations of children’s rights..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB - OBL version; 2.1MB - original)
Alternate URLs: http://rehmonnya.org/archives/2182
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2012


Title: Burma's Democratic Facade: Human Right Abuses Continued
Date of publication: December 2011
Description/subject: [Despite Gen. Thein Sein's attempts to move towards democratization or a democratic transition} "...the Burmese Army still operates military offensives against ethnic rebel groups in Karen State, Shan State and Kachin State whilst the government has conducted ceasefire talks. Human rights violations have continued in these areas and thousands of ethnic civilians continue to suffer from abuses committed by troops of the Burmese Army..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Foundation of Monland (HURFOM)
Format/size: pdf (1.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 January 2012


Title: An Enduring Culture
Date of publication: April 2008
Description/subject: The Mon, one of the earliest indigenous people in the Thai-Burmese area, were instrumental in disseminating Buddhism to the region. Nowadays they face a fight for cultural survival... " CONCENTRATED in the mountainous border area of Burma and Thailand, up to three million Mon are struggling to preserve their culture and language. Researchers and anthropologists worry that Mon culture may disappear entirely, deliberately assimilated through the policies of both the Thai and Burmese governments. Thai military officials observe a Mon festival in Samut Sakhon near Bangkok. (Photo: Bangkok Post) As evidence, they point to Moulmein, the capital of Mon State in Burma, where the name of the Mon National Museum was changed by Burmese authorities to the “National Museum,” and members of the Mon Literature and Culture Association were replaced by junta associates. In Thailand, meanwhile, security officials pressured organizers of the annual Mon National Day festival in February to refrain from singing and dancing, to limit the festival to one day, to identify the organizers of the festival and ban the participation of unregistered workers from Burma. In addition, Thai officials also urged the public not to support the Mon cultural events at Samut Sakhorn, home to almost 200,000 workers from Burma, the majority of whom are Mon..."
Author/creator: Lawi Weng
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


Title: Internal Displacement in Karen State, Mon State and Pegu Division, 2005
Date of publication: 2005
Description/subject: Map
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burmese Border Consortium (BBC)
Format/size: html. jpeg
Alternate URLs: http://www.tbbc.org/idps/map-library/05-int-disp-karen-mon-pegu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Total Denial Continues - Earth rights abuses along the Yadana and Yetagun pipelines in Burma
Date of publication: May 2000
Description/subject: "Three Western oil companies -- Total, Premier and Unocal -- bent on exploiting natural gas , entered partnerships with the brutal Burmese military regime. Since the early 1990's, a terrible drama has been unfolding in Burma. Three western oil companies -- Total, Premier, and Unocal -- entered into partnerships with the brutal Burmese miltary regime to build the Yadana and Yetagun natural gas pipelines. The regime created a highly militarized pipelinecorridor in what had previously been a relatively peaceful area, resulting in violent suppression of dissent, environmental destruction, forced labor and portering, forced relocations, torture, rape, and summary executions. EarthRights International co-founder Ka Hsaw Wa and a team of field staff traveled on both sides of the Thai-Burmese border in the Tenasserim region to document the conditions in the pipeline corridor. In the nearly four years since the release of "Total Denial" (1996), the violence and forced labor in the pipeline region have continued unabated. This report builds on the evidence in "Total Denial" and brings to light several new facets of the tragedy in the Tenasserim region. Keywords:, human rights, environment, forced relocation, internal displacement, foreign investment. ADDITIONAL KEYWORDS: forced resettlement, forced relocation, forced movement, forced displacement, forced migration, forced to move, displaced
Language: English
Source/publisher: Earthrights International
Format/size: pdf (6MB - OBL ... 20MB - original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.earthrights.org/files/Reports/TotalDenialCont-2ndEdition.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Human Rights Violations in Burma/Myanmar in 1999
Date of publication: 14 March 2000
Description/subject: Report of an expert fact-finding mission in December 1999. Particularly strong on methodology and the clinical description of torture. Includes high-quality photos. Most interviewed were Karenni or Mon... TOC: Summary; Preface; Introduction; Methods; Ethics; Results; Forced labour; Porter service; Forced relocation; Arrests; Other incidents; Looting; Killings; Rape; Disappearances; Torture; Landmine accidents; Army units; Discussion; Conclusion; Appendix, cases; References; Tables; Figures... "We interviewed and examined 129 persons who had fled Burma / Myanmar from December 1998 to December 1999, and compared the degree of reported human rights violations with that from the previously examined persons who fled November 1996 to November 1997. Of the interviewed persons, 88% reported forced labour and 77% porter service, 54% had been forcibly relocated from their villages, 87% had had their possessions looted, and 46% had lost at least one relative through killing, disappearance, or landmine accident. 20% reported that they or a near relative had been tortured. Of the former, four had remarkable scars that strongly corroborated their histories."
Author/creator: Hans Draminsky Petersen, Lise Worm, Mette Zander, Ole Hartling and Bjarne Ussing
Language: English, Danish
Source/publisher: Amnesty International, Denmark, Danish Medical Group, Danchurchaid.
Format/size: html (1913K), Word (3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.dk (For a Word version to download, click on bibilotek left frame Click on Burma rapport Click on download rapporten Click on rapport po engelsk Word or Text - the Word file is more than 2MB, but the Text version does not have the photos, and the tables are not shown. Danish version also available for download)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Myanmar: Human Rights Violations Against Ethnic Minorities
Date of publication: 08 August 1996
Description/subject: Amnesty International is concerned that the Burmese army has arbitrarily detained, extrajudicially killed, tortured and ill-treated members of ethnic minorities in the Shan and Mon States and the Tanintharyi (Tenasserim) Division in eastern Myanmar. This report is drawn from January and February 1996 interviews with dozens of members of the Shan, Akha, Lahu, Karen, and Mon ethnic minorities in Thailand. Most of these refugees are farmers and villagers who said they had fled from their homes because their lives were made impossible by the security forces.
Language: English and French
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/38/96)
Format/size: pdf (41K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/038/1996/en/c3c50d3f-eaee-11dd-b22b-3f24cef8f6d8/asa1...
http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/038/1996/en/c708ee19-eaee-11dd-b22b-3f24cef8f6d8/asa1... (French)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Total Denial - A Report on the Yadana Pipeline Project in Burma
Date of publication: 10 July 1996
Description/subject: "'Total Denial' catalogues the systematic human rights abuses and environmental degradation perpetrated by SLORC as the regime seeks to consolidate its power base in the gas pipeline region. Further, the report shows that investment in projects such as the Yadana pipeline not only gives tacit approval and support to the repressive SLORC junta but also exacerbates the grave human rights and environmental problems in Burma.... The research indicates that gross human rights violations, including summary executions, torture, forced labor and forced relocations, have occurred as a result of natural gas development projects funded by European and North American corporations. In addition to condemning transnational corporate complicity with the SLORC regime, the report also presents the perspectives of those most directly impacted by the foreign investment who for too long have silently endured the abuses meted out by SLORC for the benefit of its foreign corporate partners." ...Additional keywords: environment, human rights violations.
Language: English
Source/publisher: EarthRights International (ERI) and Southeast Asian Information Network (SAIN)
Format/size: pdf (310K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 96-C
Date of publication: 27 May 1996
Description/subject: Ye-Tavoy Railway, Dooplaya District "This report contains direct translations of several SLORC orders sent to villages in 1995. Orders #1 thru #15 were issued in the Ye-Tavoy railway area and concern railway labour. The Burmese copies of these orders were provided to KHRG by XXXX. Orders #16 and #17 were issued to Karen villages further north in Dooplaya District..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Orders Reports (KHRG #96-22)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Effects of the Gas Pipeline Project
Date of publication: 23 May 1996
Description/subject: SLORC has sent in thousands of troops to secure the pipeline route and the foreigners themselves, and these troops are making life much harder for villagers in the area through forced labour and extortion. Furthermore,villagers are now being used as forced labour to clear the pipeline route itself and build supply roads for pipeline supplies. Though the oil companies are hiring labour, SLORC is using forced labour wherever possible with or without the knowledge of the companies, who simply have too few employees in the area to see what is going on. The villagers see it very well, and we have interviewed several of them who describe it. This report consists of 3 parts: a summary of the current situation of the pipeline project, interviews with villagers who have recently fled the area, and an Annex consisting of a TOTAL letter about the project (translated from French) and a map of the area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-21)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Interviews on the School Situation [Karen and Mon]
Date of publication: 10 May 1996
Description/subject: Extortion for school-building (Interview #1), school fees (#1,2), textbooks (#1,2), school corruption (#2), threats against teachers/parents if students get involved in politics (#2), Burman-only curriculum (#2), dropout rate (#1,2), child conscription into the Army (#1), Ye Nyunt Youth (#1), USDA (#1), human rights in Thaton (#2).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-16)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Story of a Mon Political Prisoner
Date of publication: 09 January 1996
Description/subject: Porters, burning of villages, interrogation & beatings by Army and MI, sentencing, conditions in Moulmein Jail, prison labour, beatings in prison, illness and death in prison, early release due to NMSP ceasefire deal.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #96-02)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Ye-Tavoy Area Update
Date of publication: 05 January 1996
Description/subject: Railway labour (items #1-8), gas pipeline fees / labour (#3,5,6), road labour (#1), Army camp labour (#4,6,8), difficulty harvesting due to forced labour (#1,4), rice confiscation (#3,4,6), rice shortage (#4), land confiscation(#1,4), forced Army conscription (#1), porter fees (#2,4,5,6,7), porters (#2,7), Mon ceasefire terms (#2), Thai repatriation plans (#5,6,8). Issues specific to railway construction: deadlines / increased demands for labour (#2,3,5,6), convict labour (#1), labour camp statistics (#1), labour of women and children (#3,5,8), beatings (#1,5,6,8), sickness (#1,3,5,6,8), collapsing embankments due to rainy season labour (#1,2,5), video cinemas (#1,5), Ministry of Railways (#1).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports(KHRG #96-01)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Life as a Criminal Prisoner
Date of publication: 02 August 1995
Description/subject: Escaped convict "Maung Aung Shwe" (not his real name) arrived in a Mon camp in February 1995 after escaping a forced labour camp on the Ye-Tavoy railway. His story gives some insight into the life and thoughts of a criminal prisoner in Burma. Some names and details of his story have been omitted to protectthe people involved.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-28)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Conditions in the Gas Pipeline Area
Date of publication: 01 August 1995
Description/subject: "This report does not aim to give comprehensive details of the pipeline project to date, as this has been done elsewhere. Instead, this report focusses on presenting some information and interviews related to developments in the pipeline route area, particularly since the beginning of 1995. The information and interviews used have been obtained from several sources, including the Mergui-Tavoy Information Service, the Committee for Publicity of People's Struggle in Monland, independent sources and KHRG interviews..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-27)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Ye-Tavoy Railway Area: an Update
Date of publication: 31 July 1995
Description/subject: TOPIC SUMMARY: Railway labour (Story #1,2,4-10,12,14,15), abuse of the elderly (#8,9,10,13), abuse of children (#1,4,6,8,10), abuse of women (#1,2,4,6,8,12), rape (#6,12,15), beatings on the railway (#1,2,4-6,8,12,15), other beatings (#1,3,4,5,10,13,15), deaths on the railway (#5,6,8,9,15), other deaths/ killings (#4,11,13,15), extortion (#1,2,6-9,12-14), looting (#1,2,3), land confiscation/ destruction (#1), forced labour for commercial logging (#3), convict labour (#5,15), political prisoners on the railway (#5), prison conditions (#5,15), porters (#1-4,9-11,13), testimony by SLORC soldiers (#4,11), abuse of soldiers (#4,11), natural gas pipeline (#9,13).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-26)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: SLORC Shootings & Arrests of Refugees
Date of publication: 14 January 1995
Description/subject: Karen State. Aug-Nov 94. Karen Men, women, children. List of people killed, wounded, arrested, disappeared, by SLORC. Killings; wounding; EO; ransoming; looting, pillaging; forced portering; torture; arbitrary detention; extortion; inhuman treatment (beating); forced labour.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Regional & Thematic Reports (KHRG #95-02)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 95-a Ye-Tavoy Railway, Other Labour, & Extortion
Date of publication: 05 January 1995
Description/subject: Mon State & Tenasserim Division. May-Dec 94; Forced Labour; Threats of violence; extortion; reprisals; forced relocation. ... ADDITIONAL KEYWORDS: forced resettlement, forced movement, forced displacement, forced migration, forced to move, displaced
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Orders Reports (KHRG #95-01)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: MON - Die vergessenen Flchtlinge in Thailand
Date of publication: 1995
Description/subject: Mon - the forgotten refugees in Thailand Das Volk der Mon ist die Urbevlkerung im heutigen Kernland von Thailand, im Gebiet von Bangkok in Richtung burmesische Grenze (Kanchanaburi Provinz) sowie im benachbarten burmesischen Bergland und im Kerngebiet des heutigen Burma mit seiner Hauptstadt Rangoon. Einst Trger einer frhen und hochentwickelten buddhistischen Kultur, wurden sie in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten von anderen, aus Norden eindringenen Vlkern immer mehr verdrngt. Sie stellen heute sowohl in Thailand wie in Burma eine stark benachteiligte ethnische Minderheit dar. Die Mon in Burma fhren seit Jahrzehnten zusammen mit zahlreichen anderen ethnischen Minderheiten einen Kampf um ihre Unabhngigkeit und eigenstndige Entwicklung. Diese Bestrebungen werden von der Militrjunta mit einem systematischen Vernichtungsfeldzug beantwortet.
Author/creator: Hans-Gnther Wagner
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Netzwerk engagierter Buddhisten
Alternate URLs: http://cscmosaic.albany.edu/~gb661/moncamps.html (Photos of the refugee camps at Halockhani and Lohloe -- 1994?)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: THE MON: PERSECUTED IN BURMA, FORCED BACK FROM THAILAND
Date of publication: December 1994
Description/subject: "...This report documents the continued systematic violation of internationally recognized human rights committed by the Burmese army in 1993-1994 against one of Burma's main ethnic minorities, the Mon. It also catalogues the treatment of the Mon by Thai authorities, which falls far short of international standards relating to the status of refugees and fundamental human rights principles. Throughout 1994, thousands of Mon continued to stream into Thailand, where a small proportion were able to take refuge in camps in Thailand established in 1990, but most became illegal workers. In Thailand, however, they found a government whose foreign policy, like so many others in the region, was driven by "commercial diplomacy." Thailand was as determined to send the Mon back as it was to strengthen economic relations with the SLORC...." Human Rights Violations of the Mon by the Burmese Government : Arrests and Extrajudicial Executions of Suspected Rebels; Abuses Associated With Taxation; Forced Relocations; Forced Labor. Abuses of the Mon by the Thai Government: The Attack on Halockhani Camp and the Thai Response; The Treatment of Mon Migrant Workers by Thai Authorities; Thai Policy Towards Mon and Other Burmese Refugees.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch/Asia
Format/size: html (306K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: SLORC Orders to Villages: Set 94-E
Date of publication: 02 September 1994
Description/subject: The report includes the direct translations of some SLORC written orders sent to villages in the area of the Ye-Tavoy railway line between Mon State and Tenasserim Division, which is currently being constructed entirely by the slave labour of tens of thousands of Mon, Karen, Tavoyan and Burman villagers (see the related report "The Ye-Tavoy Railway", KHRG 13/4/94). These orders are now months old, but copies of them have only recently been obtained by the Karen Human Rights Group. The work has been ongoing since late 1993, and similar orders are still being issued now. All of the orders were signed by SLORC officers or officials, and in most cases were stamped with the unit stamp. Photocopies of the order documents themselves are available on request. Where necessary, the names of people, villages, and army camps have been blanked out and denoted by ‘xxxx’ to protect villagers. Many of the orders end with phrases like "Should you fail to obey it will be your responsibility". The villagers know that this means that should they fail for any reason, SLORC will likely send troops to loot the village, destroy some houses, seize porters, execute villagers, or in some cases shell the village with mortars. Note: While SLORC stands for State Law & Order Restoration Council, it administers locally through State or Divisional LORC, Township LORC, Village Tract LORC and Village LORC. This abbreviation LORC (Law & Order Restoration Council) is used throughout this report.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG Set 94-E)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: The Ye-Tavoy Railway
Date of publication: 13 April 1994
Description/subject: From Nov 93. Karen, Mon, Burman men, women, children: Forced labour as "development". Up to 30,000 forced labourers, including old people, children and pregnant women are working on a rotating basis on the railway; no food provided; violence against women; abuse of child, economic oppression; break-up of villages; torture; inhuman treatment (beating, deprivation of food, medicine; beating to death; killings; rape; rapes followed by killing of victims; woman gave birth on site, no care, baby died; extortion; burmanisation (violation of ethnic language education rights); land confiscation; destruction of orchards; depletion or abandonment of villages.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) Regional & Thematic Reports
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003