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Sexual orientation - Discrimination based on

Individual Documents

Title: This Is What It's Like To Be Gay Or Trans In Myanmar
Date of publication: 02 June 2016
Description/subject: "...Homophobia and transphobia are endemic in Myanmar, and they’re particularly difficult to challenge because stigma and discrimination are written into the law; in fact, many LGBT people told me they perceive the police force as their greatest threat. Myanmar — like neighbouring India, and Malaysia and Singapore — still has a colonial era law criminalising ‘unnatural sex’, usually interpreted by the authorities to mean sodomy..."
Author/creator: Charlotte England
Language: English
Source/publisher: Refinery 29
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2016


Title: Hpapun Field Report: January to December 2013
Date of publication: 02 March 2016
Description/subject: "This Field Report includes information submitted by KHRG community members describing events which occurred in Hpapun District between January and December 2013. The report describes human rights violations, including sexual harassment, violent abuses, landmine incidents, forced labour, land confiscation, gold mining, arbitrary taxation, and theft and looting. In addition, fighting between Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Border Guard Force (BGF) soldiers resulted in injury and displacement of villagers. The report also documents villagers’ concerns regarding the stability of the 2012 preliminary ceasefire and issues important to the local communities, such as access to education and healthcare. - Between January and December 2013, villagers reported ongoing militarization and use of landmines by Tatmadaw and BGF soldiers in Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, resulting in fatalities and injury to villagers and livestock. - BGF soldiers committed human rights abuses such as sexual harassment, violent abuse, and demands for forced labour from villagers in Bu Tho Township. - Monk U Thuzana’s followers ordered villagers to perform forced labour for the monk’s bridge construction project. - A private gold mining enterprise has been endangering villagers’ health in Dwe Lo Township. Villagers expressed their opposition to gold mining projects in the area by producing placards and posting them along the road and the river..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/02/16-1-f1/hpapun-field-report-january-december-2013
Date of entry/update: 10 April 2016


Title: Facing 377: Discrimination and Human Rights Abuses Against Transgender, Gay and Bisexual Men in Myanmar
Date of publication: 23 February 2016
Description/subject: 'Following military coups in 1962 and 1988, multiple military regimes have ruled over Myanmar (formerly known as Burma). Widespread human rights abuses conducted by police and military against the general public and ethnic minorities are well known and documented. The year 2008 saw the creation and adoption of a new constitution through a controversial referendum followed by a flawed parliamentary election held in 2010. By-elections held in 2012 saw the opposition party, the National League of Democracy (NLD), enter Parliament for the first time, though with continued reports of election irregularities. Despite significant political change in Myanmar, legal reform, especially in the sectors of human rights protection and limits to police and military power, has been slow in development and implementation. Legal reform, judicial review, and military and police limitations on power and authority have yet to occur in a systematic and comprehensive way. As a result of slow reform, entrenched homophobic social attitudes, and unrestrained police authority to arbitrarily arrest and detain, members of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) community human rights abuses and discrimination are rampant..' Article 377 of the Penal Code deals with "Unnatural Offences"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Colors Rainbow
Format/size: pdf (15MB)
Alternate URLs: http://equalitymyanmar.org/book/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/AnnualReport-rainbow.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 April 2016


Title: BURMA: Police torture of gay and transgendered people
Date of publication: 22 July 2013
Description/subject: "The Asian Human Rights Commission has been following with concern news of the police targeting of gay and transgendered people in Burma, or Myanmar, and has recently obtained detailed information on a number of cases of alleged arbitrary arrest, detention and torture of persons on the grounds of sexual orientation. The AHRC is troubled both by the manner in which this minority group appears to have been deliberately targeted by the police, and by the implications of these police abuses not only for the rights of minorities in democratizing Burma, but also for the rights of all people living there. According to recent news reports, police in Mandalay have been conducting an operation against gay and transgendered people who have been congregating in certain public places in the city. Although the police claim that they are simply removing from certain areas anyone found to be causing a disturbance to the public, from all accounts it is clear that they have been specifically targeting gay and transgendered people..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 July 2013


Title: A Test of Tolerance
Date of publication: June 2010
Description/subject: A Karen singer’s complaint that he was blacklisted by a foundation in Burma because he was gay has triggered a debate about sexual prejudice in Burmese society... "The barred singer, Saw Yuri, told The Irrawaddy that the Rangoon-based Klo and Kweh Foundation had informed him he couldn’t perform for the organization any more, telling him “there are no gays in the Karen ethnic group.”..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 6
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2010