Burma's water bodies - general
|Title:|| ||Rivers in Myanmar: can the ecosystem tell us how things are going?
|Description/subject:|| ||"Towards the end of 2015 I travelled to Myanmar and was struck by the vibrancy and beauty of a country that has gone through long periods of conflict, where the people seem to reflect an optimism and an inspirational enthusiasm for a new way of living.
Rivers are the lifeblood of Burmese society, and yet coming out of years of political and economic isolation it is perhaps not surprising that the rivers are not well researched or understood. So much of Burmese culture is tied to these big rivers for transport, food and livelihoods. Many of the people live in close contact with the rivers and have a thriving boat culture, with boats and barges of all shapes and sizes navigating hundreds of kilometers up the river.
With Myanmar opening up and development of its water resources occurring at a fast rate, there is an urgent need to understand the river situation and to ask questions of how best to manage these rivers so that they continue to provide services to a society that appears destined to grow. An issue that is already suggesting that things are not as good as they could be, is that the fish stocks that people are so dependent on, appear to be in serious decline. Why is this? Have the fish and the rivers themselves been used too much? Are the rivers polluted or are they suffering some other form of stress? What can be done to protect the fish stocks so that they continue to provide for the people of Myanmar?
It is from questions such as these that a project was born looking at the health of the rivers in Myanmar, concentrating on the lower reaches of the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy), a “working river” at the heart of Myanmar’s national prosperity; and the Thanlwin (Salween), a near-pristine system with large potential for development, shared with China and Thailand..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Chris Dickens|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||14 July 2016|
|Title:|| ||Myanmar’s Next Great Transformation: Enclosing the oceans and our aquatic resources
|Date of publication:|| ||16 March 2017|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Myanmar is on the frontlines of a new cycle of great transformation. In Myanmar today a whole
series of important changes in access and control of the country’s vast coastal and inland aquatic
resources are on the verge of unfolding. Aquatic resources cover everything from fish, mangroves,
coral reefs and other plants, to the sand and the coast, to oil and gas and the water itself. A huge
variety of aquatic resources currently feed into fisher peoples’ lives and livelihoods in Myanmar.
At their core these new dynamics threaten to take these resources out of reach of villagers and
the country as a whole, and placing them firmly in the logic of a market-system that is becoming
so prevalent today.
The varied processes of enclosure currently unfolding the length of the Myanmar coastline and
inland raise important questions about who has access and control over the country’s aquatic
resources and who benefits from using them. Equally important is that the situation today is
raising crucial questions about who will have access and control of these resources and who will
be able to benefit from them and for what purposes in the future.
The huge – and hugely profound – conflict over land and right to land spotlights the fact that
such issues have never been simple or uncontroversial in Myanmar. Yet in the case of aquatic
resources, the danger is particularly high that poor communities, ethnic minorities, and other
vulnerable and marginalized people are on the verge of losing out. The threat is real and the
danger is high. Alarm bells are ringing, but who is listening?..."|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Transnational Institute (TNI)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (English: 275K-reduced version; 361K-original...Burmrse: 4.6MB-original, 1.1-reduced version);|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/tni_pb_myanmar_online_100317.pdf
|Date of entry/update:|| ||18 March 2017|
|Title:|| ||Vulnerability and Resilience Assessment Ayeyarwady Delta, Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||January 2016|
|Description/subject:|| ||"The Ayeyarwady Delta fans out from the limit of tidal influence at Myan Aung to the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. The delta region is densely populated, and plays a dominant role in the cultivation of rice in rich alluvial soil as low as just 3 meters above sea level, although it also includes fishing communities in a vast area full of rivers and streams. It is mainly populated by farming and fishing communities in several villages besides market towns, mostly located along the main rivers.
On 2 May 2008, the delta suffered a major disaster, devastated by Cyclone Nargis, which reportedly killed 84,537 people with 53,836 people missing, and left about 2.4 million affected. Total damage and loss is approximately 11.7 trillion Kyats, i.e. 4.1 billion US$ (Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, 2012)..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Delta Alliance|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.delta-alliance.org/|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||24 July 2018|
|Title:|| ||Land and River Grabbing: the Mekong’s Greatest Challenge
|Date of publication:|| ||2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Throughout the Mekong region, large-scale development projects such
as hydropower dams, mines, conventional power plants, and mono-crop
plantations are displacing communities and limiting access to natural
resources. Several hydropower dams have already been built on the
Upper Mekong in China’s Yunnan Province, and the governments of
Cambodia, Laos and Thailand are planning eleven additional large dams
on the Mekong River’s mainstream. If completed, these dams would
not only destroy local ecosystems, but also reduce the ow of silt
throughout the Mekong River system, and block major sh migrations,
placing at risk over sixty million people who depend on the Mekong for
their food security and income.
It’s vital for citizens of all six nations who share the Mekong basin’s rich
resources to work together to promote greater accountability in
development planning. This is exactly what is happening among a new
generation of Mekong activists. Over the past nine years, alumni from
EarthRights International’s Mekong School representing communities
from the source to the mouth of the Mekong have been working together
to advocate for stronger human rights and environmental protection in
In sharing these reports from their communities, Mekong School Alumni
hope to inspire citizens throughout the Mekong region to consider the
social and environmental impacts of hydropower dams, mines, power
plants and other large development projects and to join together to
advocate for greater transparency and public participation in development
Gaps in the Environmental Regulation of Transnational
Corporations: a Case Study of Cambodia’s Lower Sesan Dam
by Li Miao Miao...
A Legal Analysis of the Heinda Mine and its Impact on 12
Communities in Dawei
by Aye Mon Thu...
Livelihood and Environmental Impacts from the Shwe Gas
Pipeline in Nga Phe Township, Magway
by Khaing Mi Phue Aung...
The Hatgyi Dam Project and Potential Human Rights
Violations in Karen State
by Saw Lay Ka Paw...
Comparative Analysis of EIA Quality for Thai Overseas
Investment Projects: Dawei Special Economic Zone
and Hongsa Coal Power Plant
by Ashijya Otwong...
Potential Impacts on Women’s Livelihoods from the
Don Sahong Dam in Khong District, Champassak Province,
by Dokkeo Sykham...
Potential Impacts of the Nam Ou 2 Dam on Local Livelihoods 99
in Luang Prabang, Lao PDR
by Luuk Nam Ou...
Implications of the Anti-Dam Campaign and Eco-tourism 112
Initiative in the Araeng Valley, Central Cardamom Protected
by Ham Oudom...
The Impacts of Dak Mi 4 Hydropower Dam on Downstream
Communities: Assessing the Right to Public Participation
by Tran Chi Thoi...
The Social, Health and Environmental Impacts of Limestone
Mining in Kien Luong District, Kien Giang Province, Vietnam
by Nguyen Khiem...
Asian Development Bank Safeguard Policies: Fact or Fiction? 170
The Case of the Northern Transmission Line Expansion Project
by Vu Hai Linh...
by Mat Carney.|
|Author/creator:|| ||Chayan Vaddhanaphuti Sabrina Gyorvary (ed)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Center for ASEAN Studies, Chiang Mai University;The Regional Center for Social Science and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Social Sciences, Chiang Mai University|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (2MB-reduced version; 2.96MB-original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.burmapartnership.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/07-Land-and-River-Grabbing-2015-sm.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||31 July 2015|
|Title:|| ||*Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar - dams* (video)
|Description/subject:|| ||About 3,300 results (August 2017)|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Various sources via Youtube|
|Format/size:|| ||Adobe Flash or html5|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||24 August 2017|
|Title:|| ||Human Right to water and sanitation
|Description/subject:|| ||Search Results for "Myanmar"...6 instruments and agreements to which Myanmar is party|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Waterlex Legal Database|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||17 May 2013|