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Washington University
98 of the documents below were downloaded a year or so ago from the Washington University Library website. Some of the material no longer seems to be on the site. OBL has replaced missing documents with its archive copies and in the interest of access, has reduced the file size and placed all the documents on the OBL server, with Alternate links to the original U. Washington URLs, where available. Where documents had been divided into separate files, we have reduced the file sizes and re-combined than into single documents.

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Selective Works On Myanmar History, Culture, Archaeology And Literature After Independence
Description/subject: Links to several hundred documents in English and Burmese
Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: University of Washington
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 October 2014


Title: The main authors of the documents in this collection - biographies
Description/subject: Col. Ba Shin... U Lu Pe Win... Daw Kyan... U Pe Maung Tin... Dr. Than Tun... Dr Yi Yi... Saya Zawgyi (U Thein Han)
Language: English
Source/publisher: University of Washington
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014


Individual Documents

Title: WAYS OF SEEING A PYU, MON AND DVARAVATI ARTISTIC CONTINUUM
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: "During the last 100 years artistic relationships between the Pyu and Mon of Burma and the Dvāravatī Mon of Thailand have been frequently hinted at yet until recently these ideas had not been explored further. In light of contemporary re-search, and in particular, relatively stable access to Burma, there is renewed interest in the cultures which inhabited the region extending from Upper Burma through Lower Burma and into central and south-west Thailand during the first millennium CE. Conventionally viewed as distinct cultural groups, on reappraising archaeological and historical re-search associated with the Pyu, Mon and Dvāravatī it is now suggested that these communities were more closely linked than traditionally thought."
Author/creator: Charlotte Galloway
Language: English
Source/publisher: College of Arts and Social Sciences, The Australian National University
Format/size: pdf (535K-reduced version; 1.62MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.google.com/url?q=http://journals.lib.washington.edu/index.php/BIPPA/article/download/10...
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2014


Title: Zawgyi's Collected Short Stories
Date of publication: 1999
Description/subject: Contents: (1) Po Mar Din p. 15- 21 (2) Lover p. 22- 23 (3) Bagan Market p. 34- 42 (4) The venerable U Thawbita and Ko Khin p. 43- 49 (5) Pyigyibaryar p. 50- 102 (6) Aung Baw and four-eyed dog p. 103- 112 (7) Fiction from Nat pyay p. 113- 119 (8) The Bunch of Keys and Tattooed Nats p. 120- 129 (9) Thakhingyi Asked for a Boon p. 130- 137 (10) His Spouse p. 138- 148. These ten short stories were written by Zawgyi (U Thein Han. The author had an intimate knowledge of Myanmar social life and customs. His short stories clearly describe common life. "Fiction from Nat Pyay" was written around 1934 for the Rangoon College football team. The style of this fiction is humourous. "Bagan Market" is about a Bagan villager who easily solved the difficult problem posed by Chinese Emperor. Author stated that personal experiences are more important in real life. "Po Mar Din", "Thakhingyi asked for a boon", " Lover" are short stories giving character sketches. "Aung Baw and four-eyed Dog", " The Venerable U Thawbita and Ko Khin", "The Bunch of Keys and Tattooed Nats", "His Spouse " clearly illustrate human nature.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar fiction... 2. short stories
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Yarpyi Book", No. 93, 1999, Lawka Sarpay, Yarpyi Publishing House, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0016a.pdf (2.9MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0016b.pdf (2.7MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0016c.pdf (2.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: From early Bama (Myanmar) up to the present Myanmar nation (ေရွးျမန္မာမ်ား၀င္ေရာက္ခဲ့ပံု)
Date of publication: 1998
Description/subject: Describes how the original Bama (Myanmar) people entered the present Myanmar country. The author argues that the early Bama (Myanmar) were unusually brave warriors who were skillful horsemen.. They invaded from the north-east into Upper Myanmar, then gradually entered central Myanmar, from Ywa-ngan (Shan State) to Kyaukse. They then settled in Kyaukse district, Minbu district and Bagan about AD 850.....Myanmar - History - Early History , Tagaung.....Key Words: 1. Tibeto - Burman, 2. Manshu, 3. Nansaw, 4. Pyu, 5. Thet, 6. Yunan, 7. Lashi, 8. Maru, 9. Meintha, 10. Yakhine.
Author/creator: BA SHIN, Col.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myanmar before Anawrahta", 3rd ed,, Innwa Publishing House, via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (681K-reduced version; 2.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0011.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: History of Pre-Bagan Myanmar Kingdom
Date of publication: 1998
Description/subject: The author asserts that Pyu, Mon and Bama (Myanmar) people were organized and established as Tampadipa (Thanpyatate) Naingnan in the 10th century AD. Bagan was the centre of that state. Former kings who ruled before Anuradda (Anawrahta) in Bagan were Sawyahan Min and Kyaung Phu Min. Anawrahta, who ruled Bagan from AD 1044 - 1077 was a good leader and ably organized the state. Under his administration the country developed peacefully..... Myanmar History - Early period ... Tampadipa Naingnan (Pyu Period)
Author/creator: BA SHIN, Col.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myanmar before Anawrahta", 3rd ed., Innwa Publishing House, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (234K-reduced version; 1.4MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0012.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Pyu Feudal Period
Date of publication: 1998
Description/subject: These articles are chapters from Pyinya Tasaung Sarsaung. They relate Myanmar history before Anawrahta (pre-1044 AD). These articles were first published in a book under the title "Myanmar before Anawrahta's period" published by Bagan Publishing House in 1971. The third edition was published by Momin Sarpay and distributed by Innwa Publishing House in 1998. This article is one chapter in the book, and describes the second Pyu dynasty with Pyu capital city Thayekhitaya or Srikshetra. The Pyu had a developed civilization and their artifacts were excellent. They were civilized, but their kings were weak in defending their country. The Pyu king was overthrown by the Nansaw in AD 832..... Myanmar - History - Second Pyu Period (AD 500 - 832) , (5 - 9 Century), 2. Pyu, 3. Culture - Pyu...Key Words: 1. Srikshetra, 2. Beikthano (Vishnu).
Author/creator: BA SHIN, Col.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myanmar before Anawrahta's period", 3rd ed. , Momin Sarpay, Innwa Publishing House, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (369K-reduced version; 2.1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0010.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: The vicious cycle of the cannon
Date of publication: May 1994
Description/subject: In 1766 King Sinphyushin fought Thailand (Ayuthaya) and captured their capital. One of the cannon brought back from Thailand was recently excavated from Innwa (Ava) city and displayed in the Military Museum at 49th Myanmar Military Day Exhibition. It was an unusual display because after the Third Anglo - Burmese War, General Prendergast sent most cannon and captured guns to England, as presents to Queen Victoria and her court. For this reason many Myanmar cannon remain in the United Kingdom.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Army - Cannons... 2. Myanmar - History.....Keywords: 1. Cannons, 2. Ordnances, 3. Military Weapons.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: Kanaung Sethmu Sipwa Journal, Vol. 1, No. 5 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (80K-reduced version; 438K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0003.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Myanmar's Long Distance Cannon (2)
Date of publication: April 1994
Description/subject: Continuation of article on the Myanmar cannon on Calton Hill in Edinburgh which was brought from Danhawady (Rakhine) in 1784, It was built during king Bodawpaya's reign (1782 - 1819). After the Third Anglo - Burmese War, many Burmese cannon and other captured guns were shipped to England as gifts to Queen Victoria and her court and presented by General Prendergast.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar army - cannon, 2. Myanmar - History.
Author/creator: KYAN , Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Kanaung Sethmu Sipwa Journal", Vol. 1, No. 4, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (153K-reduced version; 568K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0017.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Myanmar's Long-distance Cannon (1)
Date of publication: March 1994
Description/subject: The author visited England in 1993 to see the Myanmar cannon on Calton Hill in Edinburgh. It was originally placed in Danhawaddy (Yakhine) in 1784 during King Bodawpaya's reign (1782 - 1819). After the Third Anglo - Burmese War, this cannon was shipped with other Burmese guns to England as a present to Queen Victoria's Court from General Pendergast.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar army- cannon... 2. Myanmar- history
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Kanaung Sethmu Sipwa Journal", Vol. 1, No. 3, pp29-30, 1994-03, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (207K-reduced version; 865K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0018.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Ancient Bagan City and Me
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Ancient Bagan city and its pagodas reveal how Myanmar people were organized. Pagan was constructed very well, and its remarable pagodas and temples-- Shwezigon, Ananda, Thatpyinnyu, and Gadawpalin--are powerful symbols of the city's wealth. It also demonstrates the sophisticated culture of its people as well as their faith in Buddhism.....Subject Terms: 1. Bagan - description and travel... 2. Shwezigon Pagoda (Naungoo)... 3. Ananda Pagoda (Bagan)... 4. Sapada Pagoda (Naungoo)
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp64-69, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (242K-reduced version; 887K-orginal)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0009.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: Ancient Myanmar Cities
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Contents: (1) Ancient Beikthano City, by U Aung Thaw; (2) Ancient Hanlin City, by U Myint Aung; (3) Ancient Srikhetra, by U Sein Maung Oo; (4) Excavation of ancient Tagaung city, by U Than Swe; (5) New supporting evidence of Pyu culture, by U Aung Thaw..... Famous Myanmar archaeologists and research officers describe Pyu cities. "Ancient Beikthano City" was an excavation report written by U Aung Thaw, retired Director - General of Dept. of Archaeology. It describes Beikthano (Vishnu) as being near Taungdwingyi in Magwe Division, and flourished from about 1st century A.D until it was destroyed in the 5th century A.D. It was a very important early Pyu city. "Ancient Hanlin City", by U Myint Aung, research officer, Dept of Archaeology. Hanlin was a Pyu city 10 miles from Wetlet in Shwebo District, Mandalay Division. Hanlin city flourished between the 4th and 9th century A.D. Their coins had symbols and they are were literate. Buddhism developed early in Hanlin, but image worship was not evident. Hanlin city was burnt and destroyed in 9th century A.D. "Ancient Srikshetra", by U Sein Maung Oo, is an excavation report. The author led the excavation team and presents details about Srikshetra. Srikshetra was also an ancient Pyu city located just five miles southeast of Pyay (Prome). It flourished between the 5th and 10th centuries. Srikshetra shows association and contact with South India. The earliest inscriptions in Myanmar found thus far are at Srikshetra. Two gold plates were found in a villager, Maung Kan's field, and twenty gold leaves were discovered in a mound in Khin Ba's field. Buddhism flourished and image - worship developed. In the 10th century Srikshetra fell, to be replaced by the Burman state of Bagan in 11th Century. "Excavation of Ancient Tagaung City", by U Than Swe , research officer, is an excavation report of ancient Tagaung city located 127 miles north of Mandalay on the left bank of the Ayeyawady River. The excavation yielded evidence that Tagaung rose to become an important fortified city during Anawrahta's reign in the early Bagan period..."New Evidence of Early Pyu Culture", by U Aung Thaw is a report about new inscriptions from Hanlin and Srikshetra..... Subject Terms: 1. Archaeological Survey 2. Beikthano (Ancient Pyu city) - History 3. Culture - Pyu 4. Hanlin - Ancient Pyu City - history 5. Myanmar - history - early period 6. Pyu Civilization 7. Srikshetra- ancient Pyu city - history 5th - 10th century 8. Takaung- ancient Myanmar city - history.....(This document was placed on the Washington University site in 8 sections. OBL has consolidated these sections into an 8.7MB file. The original sections with the Washington.edu URLs are given as here Alternate URLs)
Author/creator: U Than Shwe, U Sein Maung Oo, U Aung Thaw, U Myint Aung
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: Ministry of Information, News and Periodicals Enterprise
Format/size: pdf (8.7MB-consolidated text)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001a.pdf (2.6MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001b.pdf (2MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001c.pdf (2.5MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001d.pdf (2MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001e.pdf (3.6MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001f.pdf (1.8MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001g.pdf (2.3MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001h.pdf (2MB)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Ancient Myanmar Ramayana
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Myanmar Ramayana as portrayed by the Pyapon town Rama Zat dramatic troupe. The Rama Court Drama version was adopted and Burmanized from the Thai.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Ramayana.
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol. 1, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (174K-reduced version; 684K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0011.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Buddhist Painting in Bagan
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Buddhist art developed in Pagan. Scenes from the life of the Buddha were drawn on the walls of Kubyaukgyi, Abheyadana and other temples in Bagan. These Buddhist paintings are the beginning of Myanmar texts on the life of Buddha, such as "Marlarlingarya" and Zinattha Pakathani.....Subject Terms: 1. Painting-Myanmar-Bagan period... 2. Buddhist Art..... Key Words: Bagan
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp9-14, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (234K-reduced version; 876K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0002.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Exposition of Myanmar Ramayana
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: The story of Rama was known in Bagan period according to evidence in Nathlaung Kyaung. It may at one time have been a Hindu temple as well as Phetleik Pagoda. In the 18th century Thai artists brought from Ayudhaya introduced the Thai Ramayana Court Drama. An early version of Myanmar Ramayana is the poem Rama Thagin by U Aung Phyo composed in the 18th century. It was written in prose by an anonymous author and entitled Maharama early in the 19th century....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Ramayana...This piece was split into 2 sections (see alternate URLs) reduced and combined by OBL into the original single article)
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp105-156, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (2.7MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0013a.pdf (3.7MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0013b.pdf (3.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: Flowering
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Poetry - 20th century..... Key Words: poem
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp46, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (33K-reduced version; 245K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0007.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Introduction to Myanmar Ramayana
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Introducing the Myanmar versions of the Ramayana, three versions in poetry, three in prose and three dramatic versions....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Ramayana, 2. Ramayana.
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol. 1, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (273K-reduced version; 982K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0012.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Mahayana Painting in Bagan period
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Interior walls of Abheyadanar, Kubyaukgyi and Nandamanya pagodas were painted with scenes from the Buddha; they were influenced by Mahayana Buddhism. Paintings of Boddisatvas were mainly Mahayanist.....Subject Terms: Painting... Key Words: Mahayana Painting
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp15-18, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (199K-reduced version; 742K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0003.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Nature of Painting in Bagan
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Painting in Bagan developed because the kings and wungyi valued and rewarded the painters. Buddhism developed in Bagan and Buddhist art stimulated the development of Bagan painting.....Subject Terms: Paintings-Myanmar-Bagan period..... Key Words: Art... Pagan
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp3-8, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (258K-reduced version; 948K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0001.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Padauk
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Poem on the Paduak flower...Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Poetry-20th century
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp42, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (37K-reduced version; 280K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0005.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Sittathukha Linkar, translated by Zawgyi
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: This poetry is translated from the "The Character of a Happy Life" by Henry Wotten.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Poetry- 20th century
Author/creator: Wotten, Henry, trans. Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp41, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (51K-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0004.pdf (326K)
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: The Glory of Summer
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Describes Myanmar social life and customs, such as offering cool drinking water for travellers along the roadside. This custom reveals the hospitablity of Myanmar people. A similar attitude is reflected in offering sanctuary to all homeless creatures, be they cows, birds, dogs or even insects.....Key Words: 1. Myanmar essay... 2. social life and customs
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp59-63, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (198K-reduced version; 767K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0008.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: The Sound of Golden Gone
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: This play was performed in 1933 for the Myoma school fund. It was written as a drama within King Alaungpaya court as he organized his nation to prepare an attack on Thailand.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Drama
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp183-196, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (496K-reduced version; 1.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0014.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: The two brothers and Me
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: A brief history of Tagaung and the two brothers, Kanyarsawgyi and Kanyarsawnge, who allegedly founded Tagaung. The younger brother is believed to have been clever and connived to seize the throne from his brother. The tale suggests that the simple-minded do not usually succeed.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar essay... 2. Myanmar- history - early period... 3. Tagaung- history
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp70-73, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (179K-reduced version; 693K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0010.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: The Wave
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Poetry - 20th century
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp43, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (24K-reduced version; 229K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0006.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: Victory Flag
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: This play was performed in Kantawmate Hall in 1942 under the Janpanese occupation.The theme of this play was national unity.....Subject Terms: Myanmar Drama... Japanese occupation..... Key Words: drama... national unity
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Collected Works of Saya Zawgyi", Vol.1, pp201-209, 1993, Union of Myanmar Literary and Journalist Organization via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (506K-reduced version; 1.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0015.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: Yadanabon Factories
Date of publication: January 1988
Description/subject: This paper was read at the first Union of Burma Research Conference on 25th March 1966. Myanmar's attempt at modernizing the country is described through construction of nearly fifty factories long before the British invasion of Upper Burma. Crown Prince Nyangyan sent state scholars to India, Europe and England, then used them to develop modern industry. Foreign workers were also employed. The Prince saw the need to forestall another attack by the British. Hence the Gun factory, Iron Foundry and Ship building had priority. How the machinery was procured and the factories developed is described in detail. The British were not pleased, yet even with the assassination of the Crown Prince in 1866 the work continued. But the British ended the effort after annexation and the factories were sold for scrap...... Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Factories, 2. Myanmar - Industries.....Key Words: 1. Yadanabon Factories, 2. Gun Factory (Yadanabon Period), 3. Weaving Factory (Yadanabon Period), 4. Ship Building Factory (Yadanabon Period), 5. Saw Mill (Yadanabon Period), 6. Iron Foundry (Yadanabon Period), 7. Sugar Mile (Yadanabon Period), 8. The Mint (Yadanabon Period), 9. Indigo Factory (Yadanabon Period), 10. Sagaing Iron Factory (Yadanabon Period).
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Union of Burma Literary and Social Science Journal", Vol. 1 , No. 1 via University of Washington
Subscribe: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/Kyan-1988-Yanadabon_Factories-bu-comb.pdf
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0011a.pdf (3.87MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0011b.pdf (3.66MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: On deposition -- Saya Phe's view
Date of publication: November 1987
Description/subject: Saya Phe, a patriotic poet, was very aggrieved at the loss of Myanmar's sovereignty. He wrote two poems which were a brief account of how and why Myanmar surrendered so quickly and easily. He believed General Prendergast's letter demanding surrender for negotiation of a new treaty was a lie and the people of Myanmar were hoodwinked.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - The Third Anglo Burmese War, 1885, 2. Myanmar - History.....Key Words: 1. Deposition, 2. Phe, Saya.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Sit-pran", No. 110, pp. 70-72, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (230K-reduced version; 747K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0014.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: City of Yangon in Japanese Period
Date of publication: April 1987
Description/subject: About the administration of Yangon city during the Japanese occupation period (1942-1945); Describes how Yangon City Development Committee was organized.....Subject Terms: 1. Yangon - History - Japanese Occupation (1942-1943)... 2. Myanmar - Politics and government... 3. Streets - Yangon..... Key Words: 1. Yangon - Administration... 2. Myanmar - Administration... 3. Streets
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myawaddy" Vol. 35 , No. 6 pp 91-97, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (291K- reduced version; 684K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0028.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2014


Title: Five kyats for marrige
Date of publication: March 1987
Description/subject: After the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the British government ruled Lower Myanmar. The public paid many taxes one of which was the poll tax, which required a married man to pay a larger tax than a single man....Subject Terms: 1. Taxation - Myanmar...2. Poll tax.....Key Words: 1. Poll tax... 2. Taxes
Author/creator: KYAN , Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myawaddy" Vol. 35 , No. 5, pp76-80, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (442K-reduced version; 1.3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0020.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 November 2014


Title: Gwe Chaung Fort
Date of publication: February 1987
Description/subject: After the Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852-53) Lower Burma became a British possession and the security of the Myanmar nation was threatened. King Mindon ordered construction of forts along the Ayeyawady River, one of which was Gwe Chaung Fortress. In 1881 Major Douglas Mcneil, a military intelligence officer in the Indian Army, travelled incognito up the Ayeyawady. He gathered detailed information and sketched the forts he passed through. This intelligence was of great help to General Prendergast in his attack on Gwe Chaung......Subject Terms: 1. Gwe Chaung Fortress..... Key Words: 1. Fortresses... 2. Forts.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Sit-pran" (No. 101) pp29-146, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (345K-reduced version; 1.1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0006.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2014


Title: Thapyedan Kan Fortress
Date of publication: November 1986
Description/subject: About the Thapyedan Khan Myo or Fortress, near Mandalay, and the Thapyedan Fort on the bank of the Ayeyawady River near its confluence with Myitnge River. This fort was known as "Greater Fort Royal" or "Shwekyetyet Fort". The Myanmar kings prepared for war and built three fortresses on the Ayeyawady to protect their capital. These forts are Thapyedan Fortress, Sagaing Fortress and Ava or Innwa Fortress.....Subject Terms: Thapyedan Fort... Key Words: 1. Fortresses... 2. Forts
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Sit-pran", No. 98, pp29-33, 1986-11, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (226K-reduced version; 982K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0005.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: A rare and little known work on Burma
Date of publication: 1985
Description/subject: The author read this paper at a Burma Historical Commission conference on 11 February 1978. It analyzes a rare Myanmar book on Myanmar: "A Concise Account of the Kingdom of Pegu, Its climate, produce, trade and government..." It was written by William Hunter, an army surgeon in the service of the East India Company, and published in 1785. The author evaluates Hunter's views of the Myanmar Kingdom of Pegu, its climate, trade, government, and the folklore of Myanmar..... Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - Hanthawaddy period, 1287 - 1539, 2. Bago (Pegu) - History, 3. Bago (Pegu) - Description and travel, 4. Myanmar - Climate, 5. Commerce - Myanmar, 6. Myanmar - Politics and government.
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Research in Burmese History", Vol. (5), Burma Historical Research Dept., via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (654K-reduced version; 3.62MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0013.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: Division and District
Date of publication: August 1984
Description/subject: Taing and Khayaing were administrative units during the Nyaunggyan period (1600-1752). Myanmar was divided into 8 Divisions and Khayaing was the smaller unit, but definition of the terms changed from time to time. Under King Thibaw (1878-1885) Upper Burma was divided into 10 Khayaings and a Khayaing Wun governed each. This Khayaing corresponded to Division in Lower Burma. Throughout the colonial period Burma was divided into 8 Divisions called Khayaing. The Divisional Commissioner was called Khayaing Wun Shin Taw Min Gyi, while the District was called Siyinsu which was governed by a Deputy Commissioner known as A-Ye-Baing. During the Japanese period Division become Taing and the Divisional Commissioner was called Taing Min Gyi. The District was called Khayaing and the A-Ye-Baing became Khayaing Wun. Since 1972 Myanmar has had 7 States and 7 Divisions.".....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Politics and government.....Key Words: 1. Divisions, 2. Districts
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Sit-pran" (No. 71) via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (106K-reduced version; 629K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0004.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 November 2014


Title: Life at the Burmese Court under the Konbaung Kings
Date of publication: 1982
Description/subject: About ceremonies of Myanmar court in Konbaung period (AD 1752 - 1885) Contents include: (1) Burmese Court (2) The feeding of the first betel (This ceremony was carried out 75 days after the birth of a prince or princess) (3) Naming Ceremony (This ceremony was carried out one hundred days after birth) (4) Earboring, Hairdressing, Headdress - wearing, Shawl wearing and Marriage Ceremonies (5) The Installation of the Crown Prince (The investiture of the Crown Prince) (6) Coronation - Abhiseka Rajabhisik (7) The Assumption of the Royal Residence The ceremonies at the Burmese court were a composition of native beliefs with a strong mixture of Indian ideas as well as Chinese and Thai influences.....Subject Terms: 1. Royal court ceremonies... 2. Courts - Myanmar... 3. Indian and Chinese influences..... Key Words: 1. Myanmar Court... 2. Betel feeding ceremony, first... 3. Naming Ceremony... 4. Earboring... 5. Hairdressing... 6. Headdress... 7. Marriage Ceremonies... 8. Crown Prince, Installation... 9. Coronation - Abhiseka Rajabhisik Ceremony... 10. Royal Palace
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma Historical Research Department Silver Jublice publication", pp100-147, 1982, Historical Research Department via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (2MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0012a.pdf (1.95MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0012b.pdf (732K)
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Myanmar Diplomatic Mission to Bengal (AD 1830)
Date of publication: 1982
Description/subject: A Myanmar foreign mission was despatched to Bengal by King Bagyidaw in 1831. After the first Anglo - Burmese War, the Myanmar king signed the Treaty of Yandabo with the British. Under the terms of the Treaty, the British Government sent Major Henry Burney to Innwa (Ava) and the Myanmar King sent a diplomatic mission to Bengal. The leader was Maha Sithu U Rhwai (Twinthin Taik wun). The delegations included 84 officers and attendants who were sent to Bengal on 9 October 1830. They were to meet with the Governor-General of India and discuss (1) The return of the Kabaw valley to Myanmar, (2) Return of Martaban (3) Return of Tenasserim and Arakan, and (4) Repeal of an item calling for an exchange of emissaries. The mission met with many difficulties in India. They remained for three years and succeded only in getting the Kabaw valley back. The mission [of the?] Myanmar Government cost 168,000 kyats annually......Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Foreign relations - India, 2. Myanmar - Foreign relations - Bengal, 3. Myanmar - History - King Bagyidaw, 1819-1837.....Key Words: 1. Burney , Henry , Major, 2. Burney's Journal, 3. Bengal Secret and Political Consultations, 4. Rhwai , U , Maha Sithu (Twin thin taik wun).
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Historical Research Department, (Burma Historical Research Department Silver Jubilee publication), via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (933K-reduced version; 3.55MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0027.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2014


Title: The Pwa Saws of Bagan/ ပုဂံခေတ် ဖွားစောများ
Date of publication: 1982
Description/subject: Paper read at the first Union of Burma Literary and Social Sciences Conference held on 23rd March 1966. In the Bagan period three queens named Pwa Saw were well known. They were important advisors to the kings who ruled during their lives. The author observes that Bagan inscriptions document several queens named Saw; three Pwa Saws were described: (1) Min Waing Pwa Saw (2) Saw Hla Wun Pwa Saw, and (3) Thitmathi Pwa Saw. They were clever and participated in the administration of the country..... 1. Pwa Saw, 1st (Min Waing Pwa Saw) 1230 - 1287; 2. Pwa Saw, 2nd (Saw Hla Wun Pwa Saw) 1262 - 1296; 3. Pwa Saw, 3rd (Thitmathi Pwa Saw) 1295 - 1334; 4. Myanmar - History - Bagan period, 1044 - 1287.
Author/creator: Col. Ba Shin/ ဗိုလ်မှူးဘရှင်
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata English, Burmese)
Source/publisher: Burma Historical Research Dept. via U. Waashington Library Library
Format/size: pdf (1.9MB-reduced version; 2.85MB-original) 35 pages
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0002.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 November 2010


Title: The reply letter from Prendergast
Date of publication: December 1980
Description/subject: During the Third Anglo-Burmese War the British Army easily occupied Upper Myanmar in November 1885. The Myanmar Royal army put up little defence in this war, because King Thibaw and his Ministers believed the reply sent by General Prendargast to the King's request for negotiations. This letter asked that the Myanmar army lay down its arms in exchange for a peaceful settlement. King Thibaw and Ministers believed the British government would not occupy the country. The author sees this letter as important for the historical record, and should be known by future generations.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - The Third Anglo - Burmese War, 1885...Key Words: Prendergast, General
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Sit-pran" 1980-12, pp60-62, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (112K-reduced version; 807K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0023.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Blocking the Ayeyawady River
Date of publication: December 1979
Description/subject: The main line of attack in the Third Anglo Burmese War was up the Ayeyawady River. This route was anticipated by Myanma strategists, so in addition to the forts, blockades were created at various points. The strongest site was near Yin Ye' Rocks between Innwa and Sagaing. To block passage, an Irrawaddy Flotilla Steamer and large cargo boats were filled with rocks and sandbags and sunk. The water level above these obstructions was only about 2 to 3 feet. Taung Kwin Myosa Wungyi was in command and it would have been a major obstacle for the expeditionary forces to surmount.But providence was on the enemy's side. The current changed because the water suddenly rose and a new channel opened. Then, before new barriers could be constructed, the Hluttaw ordered a surrender. .....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - Third Anglo - Burmese War, 1885..... Key Words: 1. Anglo - Burmese War, 3rd 1885... 2. Fortresses
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Sit-pran" or "Sitpyan" No. 15, pp129 - 132, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (273K-reduced version; 984K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0012.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2014


Title: Thibawmin and Shwebo Affair
Date of publication: July 1979
Description/subject: On 28 November 1885, under the leadership General Prendergast, the British army occupied the Mandalay Palace. Some Myanmar ministers advised King Thibaw to leave the capital but he refused to run away. Nonetheless consideration was given by King Thibaw and some ministers to retreat from the capital to Shwebo or a some other safer place.....Subject Terms: 1.Myanmar- History- King Thibaw, 1878- 1885... 2. Myanmar- History- Later Konbaung Period, 1837- 1885.... Key Words: 1. Thibaw King, 1878- 1885... 2. Shwebo
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Ngwe-tar-yi", No. 229, pp50-53, 1979-07, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (270K-reduced version; 831K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0015.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Three letters connected with the Third Anglo-Burmese War
Date of publication: June 1979
Description/subject: The Third Anglo Burmese War ended within a fortnight. Three important letters were found among the Sladen papers (i.e. Col. Sladen's collection now in the British Library). The letters are: 1. From Kin Wun Mingyi to the Chief Commissioner of British Burma. 2. From Ministers of the Hluttaw to the Myanmar Ambassador at Paris 3. From Hlay thin Atwin Wun to his men at Gwe Chaung. All were dated 11 November 1885. At that time General Prendergast had already crossed the frontier. The letters did not reach the addressees and they were of no avail. But at least they show Myanmar's last resort in trying to defend their sovereignty......Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - Later Konbaung Period, 1837 - 1885, 2. Myanmar - History - The Third Anglo - Burmese War , 1885.....Key Words: 1. Sladen Papers, 2. Anglo - Burmese War, 3rd 1885.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Pyin-nya Pade-tha News Letter", Vol. 9, Part 2, June 1979, pp103-108 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (193K-reduced version; 959K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0007.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: 100 years of Myanmar
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: About political conditions of Myanmar in 1875 under the rule of King Mindon. The author selected and translated historical documents on Myanmar from the India Consultations, Foreign and Political, 1875. These documents are the correspondence between British Deputy Commissioner of India the British Resident at Mandalay, and a political agent of Mandalay. They demonstrate in detail how the British Government carried out intrigue in Myanmar's political affairs.....Subject Terms: Myanmar - History - Later Konbaung period 1937-1885.....Key Words: 1. British Burma, 2. India Consultations, Foreign and Political 1875, 3. British Resident at Mandalay, 4. Political Agent, Mandalay, 5. Yunan, 6. Bhamo Diary, 7. Mandalay Diary.
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Burma Historical Research Dept., "Research in Burmese History", No. 4, pp1-124, via Washington University
Format/size: pdf 2MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0011a.pdf (3.61MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0011b.pdf (2.43MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2014


Title: Additional Burmese Historical Sources 1752-76
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: This paper is a supplement to the author's two papers " Burmese Historial Sources 1752 - 1885" and "A Bibliogrphical Essay of Burmese Sources of the History of the Konbaung period 1752-1885". The author studied primary historical sources from unpublished Burmese materials: 1752 - 76 and presented her findings in three periods (1) 1752 - 60-- the reign of King Alaungmintaragyi (a) a palm leaf manuscript containing more than seventy orders and letters (b) a miscellany of orders and petitions pertaining to the reigns of Alaungmintaragyi and his eldest son Naungdawgyi (Dabayin Min). There is little original material for the period 1760 - 63; however sources from 1763 - 1776 are abundant, principably the "Yaza" account of the embassy from Sandapuri. These historical sources describe political history, administration, and Burma's foreign relations during the first half of the Konbaung monarchy.....Subject Terms: 1. Burma-history-early Konbaung Period, 1752-1837... 2. Burma-history-King Alaungpaya, 1752-1760... 3. Burma-history-King Naungdawgyi, (Dabayin Min) 1760-63... 4. Burma-history-King Sinbyu shin, (Myedu Min) 1763-76..... Key Words: 1. Bago (Pegu)... 2. Martaban... 3. Tavoy... 4. Sandapuri... 5. Thailand... 6. Sittans
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Research in Burmese History", No. 3, pp103-106, 1979, Burma Historical Research Dept. via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (553K-reduced version; 3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0014.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Lord Dufferin's visit to Mandalay, 1886
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: King Thibaw was dethroned on 29 Nov. 1885. The proclamation of 1 Jan. 1886 declared Upper Burma to be an integral part of the British Empire. Diffferent kinds of administration for Upper Burma were contemplated: a buffer state, a protected state, a semi-protected state, and a regency were considered, but all were found impracticable. While the people expected a Myanmar Prince appointed by the British to succeed Thibaw, the Chambers of Commerce strongly advocated outright annexation. When Lord Dufferin visited Mandalay to see things for himself, he declined to receive the memorials submitted by the ex-Ministers. He recommended direct administration as the best course, so the Hluttaw was abolished and Upper Burma incorporated in British India, becoming a Scheduled District.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar- History- Begining of British administration in Upper Burma 1886... 2. Myanmar- Politics and government ( 1886- 1942 )..... Key Words: 1. Dufferin, Lord... 2. Mandalay
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Research in Burmese History", No. 4, pp161-167, 1979, Historical Research Department, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0016a.pdf (2.5MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0016b.pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Prizes of War, 1885
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: The British seized many prizes from Mandalay after the Third Anglo - Burmese War in 1885 They consisted of jewellery, ordinance, steamers, elephants, horses, land and buildings belonging to the monarchy. A Prize Committee was organized in Mandalay and functioned for two years after Annexation. Many valuable objects were never mentioned in the official record, nor handed over to the Committee. The prizes were disappeared in various ways: some were destroyed or thrown into deep water. Others were presented to Her Majesty Queen Victoria and other members of the British Royal Family, or to officers of administrative departments. Some were auctioned off.....Subject Terms: 1. Anglo- Burmese War, 3rd 1885... 2. Myanmar- History- Later Konbaung Period, 1837- 1885
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Research in Burma History", No. 3, pp127-143, 1979, Historical Research Department, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (462K-reduced version; 1.9MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0025.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: The Peacock Coins
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: Peacock coins were cast and became legal tender in Myanmar during King Mindon's reign (1853 - 1878). These coins were made in a mint built within the Mandalay Palace in 1227 (AD 1865). Peacock coins were made of gold, silver, copper, tin and lead. The coinage was issued over the 20 years reign (1865 - 85) and estimated to be worth Rs. 28,755,625...Subject Terms: 1. Coins... 2. Myanmar- Coins... 3. Monetary System..... Key Words: 1. Peacock Coin
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Research in Burma History", No. 3, pp145-153, 1979, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (350K-reduced version; 1.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0026.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Village administration in Upper Burma during 1886-1887
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: First published in JBRS, Vol. II , Part II, ( December 1969 ). Describes how the British dethroned and deported King Thibaw on Sunday, 29 November 1885. In January 1886 Upper Burma, excluding the Shan States, was transformed to a directly administered 'scheduled district 'of India. Accordingly, the Hluttaw (Myanmar Privy Council) was abolished on 31st March 1886 and the Chief Commissioner, Sir Charles Bernard, took charge of the civil administration in Upper Burma. An account of the village administration of Upper Burma during 1886 - 1887. At that time most of villages in Upper Burma were rebelling, while both criminal and fiscal administration of the country was conducted by the Myothugyi's and Thugyis. During the year 1886 Upper Burma, excluding the Shan States, was parcelled out into (4) divisions comprising (17) districts. With the development of the territorial system a territorial hierarchy was adopted, with Divisional Commissioners, District Commissioners, Subdivisions officers and Township officers in charge of the divisions, districts, subdivisions and townships respectively. In 1886 - 1887 British government forcibly introduced the Upper Burma Village Regulation and the Thugyi system was swept away. The idea of one village one headman was rejected.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Politics and government, 2. Villages - administration, 3. Cities and towns - Myanmar...Key Words: 1. Upper Burma...Annotation: "
Author/creator: KYAN , Daw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Researches in Burmese History", Vol. 2, 1979 pp175-186, Historical Research Department, via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (340K-reduced version; 2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0024.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Administrative terms of British Period - 1
Date of publication: 1978
Description/subject: The British ruled Myanmar for nearly 100 years and during that period they issued circulars and vernacular acts which were publish in the Burma Gazette. These old documents were found in 1978 in the Ayeyawady Division. The Peoples' Council transferred many rare documents to Myanmar Historical Research Department. From these documents the author selected administrative circulars, acts and vernacular acts as references for Myanmar historians. The article includes the authorized Myanmar equivalents of official designations for public administration....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - British Rule, 2. Myanmar - Politics and government, 3. Myanmar - Administrative terms.....Key Words: 1. Administrative Terms, 2. Burma Gazette
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: English and Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Researches in Burmese History", Vol. 2, 1978, pp123-129, Historical Research Dept., Via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (171K-reduced version; 811K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0008.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2014


Title: Administrative terms of British Period - 2
Date of publication: 1978
Description/subject: The British ruled Myanmar for nearly 100 years and during that period they issued circulars and vernacular acts which were publish in the Burma Gazette. These old documents were found in 1978 Ayeyawady Division. The Peoples' Council transferred many rare documents to Myanmar Historical Research Department. From these documents the author selected administrative circulars, acts and vernacular acts as references for Myanmar historians. The article includes the authorized Myanmar equivalents of official designations for public administration.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - British Rule... 2. Myanmar-Politics and government... 3. Myanmar-Administrative terms..... Key Words: 1. Administrative Terms... 2. Burma Gazette
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Researches in Burmese History", Vol. 3, pp25-77, Historical Research Department via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0009a.pdf (3.5MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0009b.pdf (2.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2014


Title: Myanmar and the Indian Press 1886-87
Date of publication: 1977
Description/subject: Political conditions of Myanmar immediately after the annexation (1886-87) as seen through the Indian press. The people were governed by a new master. Rebels were branded as dacoits by a critical Indian press which ridiculed and attacked Lord Dufferin's direct administration. They called His Excellency a quack politician, not a farseeing statesman. The press favoured a native prince on the Myanmar throne, a practice common in India. The press argued that the English were suppressing the so-called dacoits at the expense of Indian tax-payers.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Political conditions, 1886-87; 2. Myanmar - History - British rule, 1886 - 1942..... Key Words: 1. Indian Newspapers; 2. Annexation of Myanmar
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Research in Burmese History", No.1, 1979, pp133-171, Myanmar Historical Research Department via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB-combined version;)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0010a.pdf (2.9MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0010b.pdf (2.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2014


Title: Primary Study of Myanmar Historical documents 1143-81
Date of publication: 1977
Description/subject: Thorough study of the monarchy's foreign relations and economic conditions, as well as the culture during King Bodawpaya 1781 - 1819 (Badon Min) Period. Based on the Royal Orders of Badon Min and other historical documents including inscriptions, literature and sittang. These historical documents are important resources for historians as King Bodawpaya ruled the Amarapura Kingdom for nearly 38 years, a period that was well organized and peaceful. The king created high standards of administration and maintained stable relations with neigbouring countries. The author notes that many documents remain unstudied.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - history - early Konbaung period, 1752 - 1837, 2. Myanmar - history - King Bodawpaya (Badon Min) 1781 - 1819, 3. Myanmar - politics and government.....Key Words: 1. Myanmar historical documents, 2. Royal Orders of King Badon Min.
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Research in Burmese History", No. 1, 1977, pp59-132, Burma Historical Research Dept., via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0001a.pdf (3.1MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0001b.pdf (2.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: Bagan Restoration
Date of publication: December 1976
Description/subject: This paper was originally written in Myanmar and read at the Saturday Literary Circle meeting held at the Po Wa Ziya Hall of the Hanthawady Press, Mandalay on 20th Sep, 1975. It was later read in English to the special meeting of the Burma Research Society on 15th October, 1975. Normally Bagan monuments are Ceti style with a solid structure or Ku, which were places of worship where people could enter the building to offer homage. In addition, there was also a House of the Law and House of the Monks of the Order. Many Bagan inscriptions record the donors as well as those who repaired the monuments. Some repairs were were necessary but others destroyed the original edifice. The author suggests three points for restoration of Bagan monuments: (1) Use no heavy materials on the top of time weakened brick supports. (2) Match the body with the correct finial and (3) Permit no mis-fit of materials or appearances.....Subject Terms: 1. Restoration-Bagan... 2. Religious Buildings-Bagan Period, 1044-1287
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of the Burma Research Society", Vol. 59, Part 1&2, December 1976, pp49-96, 1976-12, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB-refuced version; 3.1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0001J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Ramayana in Burmese Literature and Arts
Date of publication: December 1976
Description/subject: This paper was referred to the article "The Ramayana in Burma", presented in Guardian Magazine Vol. 20, No.7 (July 1973). Author wrote about the Ramayana's development in Myanmar literature. Three are in prose, 3 are verse and 3 are drama. They are: (A) Prose - Rama Valtlu, Maha Rama and Rama Thonmyo [Saya Htwe] (B) Poetry - Rama Thagyin (U Aung Pho), Rama Yanon (U Toe), and Alaung Rama Thagyin [Saya Htun of Akyab] (C] Drama - Thiri Rama, Nataka Kyaw Gaung by Nemyo Nataka Kyaw, Pontaw Rama Pt. 1 by Gaung Ku, Pontaw Rama and Lakkhana, Pt. 1 (1910) by U Maung Gyi (Debein).....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Ramayana
Author/creator: Zawgyi
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 59, Part 1&2, pp138-154, 1976-12, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (696MB-reduced version; 1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0018.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2014


Title: Thamudriz Min
Date of publication: April 1976
Description/subject: About a legendary king of early Bagan. Uses three main historical sources: U Kala's Mahayazawin gyi, Hmannan Yazawin and Twin thin Yazawinthit. They offer nothing definitive about the early Bagan period, other than noting that the Bagan dynasty started in 1044 AD. These three source are not validated.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar-history-Bagan period, 1044-1287
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Shumawa", Vol. 29, No. 347, pp115-118, 1976-04, via University of Washingon
Format/size: pdf (153K-reduced version; 692K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0009.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Prendergast and Min Hla Gwe Chaung
Date of publication: 1976
Description/subject: The Third Anglo - Burmese War bagan on 15 November 1885 when General Prendergast and his army occupied the Upper Burma border area, Minhla and Gwe Chaung within two days. General Prendergast planned well for the operation as he had detailed intelligence about these area. The author observed that Myanmar's hospitality and generous manner is not necessarily good in a time of trouble.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar- History... 2. Myanmar- History- Third Anglo- Burmese War... 3. Min Hla... 4. Gwe Chaung
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Ngwe-tar-yi", No. 196, pp32-35, 1976-10, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (307K-reduced version; 834K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0019.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Myanmar: Three Histrical Texts of the Srikhetra Dynasty
Date of publication: February 1975
Description/subject: Article is about the Srikhetara Dynasty and is a thorough study based on three Myanmar sources: "U Kalar's Maharazawingyi"; "Mhannan Razawin"; and " Twinthin Razawin". Dr. Yi Yi describes the Srikhetra dynasty, then contrasts these historical sources for what they reveal about the Srikhetra Dynasty. These articles were published over a 9 month period in Shumawa magazine.....Subject Terms: Myanmar - History - Srikshetra period
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Shamawa", Vol. 28, No. 332, pp33-40,1975-02, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (2.3MB-reduced version; 7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0006.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Army
Date of publication: 1974
Description/subject: Describes the Myanmar army and how it was organized during King Thibaw's reign (1878 - 1885).....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar-Army... 2. Myanmar-Armed forces..... Key Words: Standing Army
Author/creator: Zeyya
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd editon, pp108-123, Sabei Oo Sarpay via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (238K-reduced version;
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0005.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Culture accepted from Thailand
Date of publication: 1974
Description/subject: Analyzes how Thai culture influenced everyday life in Myanmar, especially in the performing arts, music and handicrafts. The article also describes how Burmese theater adapted Tai Ramayana Court Drama.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Civilization, 2. Myanmar - Social life and customs, 3. Myanmar - Foreign relations - Thailand, 4. Myanmar Literature, 5. Myanmar Music.....Key Words: 1. Culture, 2. Ramayana, 3. Performing arts, 4. Handicraft.....Annotation: "
Author/creator: PE MAUNG TIN, U
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd edition, 1974, pp28-46, Sabei Oo Literature, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (322K-reduced version; )
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0003.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: Culture of Language
Date of publication: 1974
Description/subject: Analyzes the major Myanmar languages. The author creates a taxonomy of Burmese languages and suggests how they can be classified.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Language..... Key Words: 1. Mon... 2. Palaung... 3. Wa... 4. Tibeto - Burman... 5. Kachin language
Author/creator: Pe Maung Tin, U
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd editon, pp1-15, Sabei Oo Sarpay via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (270K-reduced version; 1.2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0001.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014


Title: Myazedi Inscription
Date of publication: 1974
Description/subject: Analyzes the Myazedi inscription created by Rajakumar, son of Kyansittha. The Myazedi inscription was written in four languages, Pali, Mon, Pyu and Myanmar. The author explains how and why the Myanmar languages were used on the inscription....Subject Terms: 1. Myazedi Inscription... 2. Myanmar - History - Bagan Period... 3. Inscriptions - Myanmar... 4. Myanmar - Inscriptions... 5. Rajakumar - Inscription..... Key Words: Myazedi... Myanmar inscriptions
Author/creator: Pe Maung Tin, U
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd editon, pp18-27, Sabei Oo Sarpay via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (188K-reduced version; 898K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0002.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014


Title: Nine kinds of Kinnara (Mythical bird)
Date of publication: 1974
Description/subject: Describes the mythical birds of Myanmar: the kinnara, kinnari, male and female mythical birds and Myanmar legends about these myths.....Subject Terms: 1. Mythical Birds (Kinnara and Kinnari)... 2. Kinnara... 3. Kinnari..... Key Words: 1. Sanda Kinnari... 2. Kinnara... 3. Kinnari
Author/creator: Maung Maung Gyi, Tetkathoe
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd editon, Sabei Oo Sarpay via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (246K-reduced version; 1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0007.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014


Title: Upper Burma Occupation Company Limited
Date of publication: 1974
Description/subject: The last king of the Konbaung period, was king Thibaw. At that time Upper Burma did not have peace. Accordingly, foreign traders urged the British Government to occupy Upper Burma, where upon they organized the Upper Burma Occupation Company Limited. Shareholders were announced in the Calcutta 'The Statesman Newspaper' on 25t February 1885.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar-History-Later Konbaung Period (1752-1885) Key Words: 1. Upper Burma Occupation Company Limited 2. Burma Chamber of Commerce
Author/creator: Zeyya
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd editon, pp75089, 1974, Sabei Oo Sarpay via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (277K-reduced version; 1.2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0004.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Hlay thin Atwin Wun and viss of gold
Date of publication: September 1973
Description/subject: During the Third Anglo-Burmese War Hlay-thin Atwin Wun and his forces were victorious at the battle of Myingyan. King Thibaw sent ten viss of gold for him, plus 270 gold medals and gold cups for his followers as reward for their valour. But the next day they were routed. The gold was lost in transit. Later, about four viss of gold were recovered and Col. Sladen returned it to Hlay-thin Atwin Wun as the rightful claimant.".....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - Later Konbaung Period , 1837 - 1885...2. Zeya Kyaw Htin , Mingyi Thiri Maha ( Hlay thin Atwin Wun)... 3. Myanmar - History - The Third Anglo - Burmese War, 1885..... Key Words: Myingyan Battle
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myawaddy" Vol. 21 , No. 11, November 1973, pp25-27 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (163K-reduced version; 695K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/SouthEastAsia/myanmar/pdfs/MK0001.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2014


Title: The Neolithic Culture of the Padah-Lin Caves
Date of publication: 27 June 1969
Description/subject: This paper was read on 27 June 1969 at the Burma Research Society ordinary meeting. Padah-Lin cave is situated in Yangon Township, in the Southern Shan State. This paper is an excavation report of Padah-Lin cave..... Subject: 1. Padah-Lin Cave 2. Myanmar - History - Early period..... Key Words: 1. Neolithic Culture 2. Prehistoric Painting
Author/creator: Aung Thaw, U
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of the Burma Research Society", Vol. 52, Part 1, June 1969, pp9-23 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB-reduced version: 2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AT0001.pdf
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2014


Title: The General Condition of the People of British Burma at the time of the Deposition of King Thibaw
Date of publication: May 1969
Description/subject: The author describes the condition of people in British Burma at annexation. British Burma comprised Arakan, Tenasserim and Pegu in 1862 and was administered by a Chief Commissioner. The British annexed Upper Burma in Jan. 1886 and this paper deals with the general condition of the Myanmar people whose traditions were still very strong, and barely tinged with Western influences. The new administrative and economic systems brought about major changes in the social order. The author emphasizes economic conditions-- revenues and taxes--and colonial education at that time.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - British rule (1885-1886), 2. Myanmar - Economic condition, 3. Myanmar - Politics and government, 4. Education - Myanmar...Key Words: 1. Revenues, 2. Taxes.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Burma Journal of Literary and Social Sciences", Vol. 2, No. 2, May 1969 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (692K-combined texts)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0021a.pdf (2.69MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0021b.pdf (1.99)
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: The Problem of the Texts of Historical Account of Royal Campaign
Date of publication: 1969
Description/subject: This paper was read 24th December 1967 before the Kanthaseinlai (Green Lake) Group. It describes problems in the Ayedawbon texts which were historical accounts of a royal campaign. Some texts' were not clear and some were not actual historical accounts of royal campaigns. Five Ayedawbon texts are important in Myanmar history: - 1) Danyawady 2) Razadarit 3) Hanthawady Shinbyushin 4) Nyaungyan 5) Alaungpaya.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - history - Hanthawaddy Period, 2. Myanmar - history - Nyaungyan Period, 3. Myanmar - history - Alaungpaya Period...Key Words: 1. Historical account of the Royal Campaign, 2. Alaungpaya , King, 3. Rajadarit, King.
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Kanthaseinlai Papers pp30-62, Min Hla Sarpay, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (232K-reduced version; 692K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0015.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Administration under King Thalun (1629-48)
Date of publication: December 1968
Description/subject: King Thalun (AD 1629-48) was a successful ruler of Toungoo Dynasty (AD 1486-1752). He was seriously concerned with the welfare of his people. Buddhism also prospered during his reign and he was noted for his peaceful governance and the improved living conditions throughout his realm.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar-politics and government - King Thalun, 1629-48... 2. Myanmar-history
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 51, Part 2, pp173-188, 1968 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (730K-reduced version; 1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0003J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 November 2014


Title: Maids of honour in Madras
Date of publication: November 1968
Description/subject: King Thibaw was deposed and deported to Madras on 10th Dec. 1885. Among those who accompanied the ex-Royal family were seven young maids-of-honour. Some of them were said to be Kachin girls. They were unhappy in India and became disobedient and troublesome. After four months they were sent back on the S.S. Asia. After their return the British administration granted each a pension of Rs. 10 a month, as long as they remained unmarried.....Subject Terms: Myanmar- History- King Thibaw, 1878- 1885..... Key Words: Maids-of-honour
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myawaddy",Vol. 17, No. 1, pp188-120, 1968-11, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (159K-reduced version; 667K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0002.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Golden Images of Konbaung Kings
Date of publication: October 1968
Description/subject: About the eleven or seventeen golden images of Myanmar kings & queens of the Konbaung Period placed in the Mandalay Palace, Zaytawun building. They all disappeared during the British Annexation......Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Kings - Images... 2. Myanmar Queens - Images..... Key Words: Golden Images....Article Title: Golden Images of Konbaung Kings.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Ngwe-tar-yi" No. 100, October 1968, pp27-32 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (386K-reduced version; 1.2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0013.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2014


Title: A Study of the Rise of the Burmese Novel
Date of publication: June 1968
Description/subject: Historical analysis of the Myanmar novel. The first two Myanmar novels appeared in 1904. "Maung Yin Maung Ma Me Ma" by U Hla Gyaw (1866-1920) and "Maung Hmaing" by U Kyee (1848-1908). This new literary form advanced the concept of being truthful to life and feelings as inherent to the novel....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Fiction - History.
Author/creator: Zawgyi? U Thein Han?
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of the Burma Research Society", Vol. 51 , Part. 1 June 1968, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (352K-reduced version; 635K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0017.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: The Administration of the Early Konbaung period
Date of publication: May 1968
Description/subject: An analysis of the early Konbaung administration, in three section: Section 1 deals with the officer-in-charge of provincial administrative units according to different localities, the hereditary nature of these posts, and matters pertaining to their succession and abdication. Section 2 describes the customary provincial administration - land tenure, forms of taxation, industries and other activities according to localities. Section 3 describes directives issued by the central government regarding appointments, transfers and dismissal of those in charge of districts and administrative units, taxation, maintenance of law and order, bribery and corruption, rehabilitation officers and reconstruction of rural areas, as well as other miscellaneous matters.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar-politics and government... 2. Myanmar- History- Early Konbaung Period... 3. Taxation- Myanmar... Key Words: 1. Administration... 2. Governor of a Town... 3. Revenue... 4. Taxes
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English and Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Union of Burma Journal of Literary and Social Sciences", Vol. 1 , No. 2, pp343-395, 1968-05, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.55MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0002a.pdf (3.5MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0002b.pdf (3.47MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: Commander
Date of publication: 1968
Description/subject: In the later Konbaung Period Myanmar kings organized their armed forces systematically. Describes the responsibilities of those holding the Myanmar Commander rank "Twe-thauk-gyi " during the Konbaung Period. Also describes the organization of the armed forces, their duties, and the insignia worn by the commanders......Subject terms" Twe - thauk..... Key Words: 1. Commander 2. Blood-Brother
Author/creator: BA SHIN, Col
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Military, Politics, Social and Historical papers of Col. Ba Shin", Bagan Sar-oke, No. 153, 1968. pp87-95 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (155K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0007.pdf
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2014


Title: Destruction of Documents About Our Ancient Traditions
Date of publication: 1968
Description/subject: This article was written under the pen-name Sann Aung. About ancient artifacts destroyed by careless people. Some Burmese lack knowledge about the importance of preserving our cultural heritage, so they needlessly destroy many Myanmar antiquities.....Subject Terms: 1. Archaeology..... Key Words 1. Military document... 2. Historical sites
Author/creator: Col. Ba Shin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Bagan Sar-oke", No. 153, pp31-39, Bagan Sar-oke Taik via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (790K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0004.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 November 2010


Title: Myeik or Maryiek
Date of publication: 1968
Description/subject: "Myeik" is a famous city in Tenimtharyi division. But the term Myeik is different from "Maliek" and "Marate". In Shan language the word Marate means "Ma" horse, while "rate" means pillar, therefore Marate means Horse Pillar. Literary people called Myeik "Maleik". According to Bagan inscriptions the original word Maleik came to mean Myeik.....Subject Terms: Myeik..... Key Words Maryeik
Author/creator: Col. Ba Shin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Bagan Sar-oke", No. 153, pp295-308, Bagan Sar-oke Taik, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (205K-reduced version: 1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0009.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 November 2010


Title: Organizations That Advocated for Occupation of Upper Burma
Date of publication: 16 November 1967
Description/subject: This paper was read on 19 Nov. 1967 at Kanthaseinlai group. The author observes tha the First Anglo - Burmese Wa, which ended in 1826, cost Myanmar Rakhine and Tenessarim states. The Second Anglo - Burmese War, which ended in 1852, enabled the British Government to occupy Lower Burma. Subsequent relations between King Thibaw and the British foreign were not smooth; however, the British Government had not planned to occupy Upper Burma before March 1885. But the Rangoon Chamber of Commerce continually urged the Government to occupy Upper Burma. At that time Mindon-min had a problem in the Mandalay prison and the prisioners rebelled. Nearly 150 prisioners were killed, and after that affair the Rangoon Deputy Commissioner called a mass meeting and pointed out the weakness of the Thibaw's administration. The author contends that the Rangoon Chamber of Commerce advocated and successfully instigated the invasion of Upper Burma and the lost of independence.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar- history- Later Konbaung period,1837- 1885... 2. Burma Chamber of Commerce... 3. Rangoon Chamber of Commerce... Key Words: 1. The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Ltd... 2. The Irrawaddy Flotilla Co... 3. Gillanders Arbuthnot and Co.... 4. The Rangoon Gazette Newspaper... 5. Sladen, Col.
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Tetkathoe Pyin-nya Pade-tha Sar-saung", Vol. 3 , Part 2, pp201-224, 1967-11-19, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB-reduced version; 3.2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0022.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2014


Title: Administration under King Thalun
Date of publication: June 1966
Description/subject: King Thalun (AD 1629 - 48) was a successful ruler of Toungoo Dynasty (AD 1486- 1752). He was seriously concerned with the welfare of his people. Buddhism also prospered during his reign and he was noted for his peaceful governance and the improved living conditions throughout his realm…..Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar- politics and government - King Thalun , 1629 – 48…2. Myanmar - history
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 49, Part 1, pp51-69, 1966 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (933K-reduced version; 1.4MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0003J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 November 2014


Title: Revenue Reports, Konbaung Period
Date of publication: June 1966
Description/subject: This paper was read on 29 July 1966 before the Burma Research Society. During the Konbaung Period the monarchy maintained excellent revenue records. These documents offer evidence of Myanmar's history, geography, administration, economic conditions, social life and customs. They also reveal how Konbaung kings governed and administered their country.....Subject Terms: 1. Revenue reports... 2. Myanmar - history - Later Konbaung Period, 1837 - 1885... 3. Myanmar - economic conditions - Later Konbaung Period, 1837 - 1885... 4. Myanmar - social life and custom.....Key Words: 1. Sittan (Revenue reports
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 48, Part 1, pp71-127 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (2.8MB-reduced version: 3.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0002J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 October 2014


Title: Ancient Beikthano City: An Historical View
Date of publication: 1966
Description/subject: "Critiques the excavations of Beikthano or Vishnu city. In this paper the author reviews contemporary Chinese records and finds that the Pyu were Tibeto - Burman and that their civilization developed in the 1st century AD. The 2nd Pyu dynasty had its centre in Srikshetra. It is a useful paper to read in the context of excavation reports by U Aung Thaw."
Author/creator: Ba Shin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Washington University
Format/size: pdf (1.5MB-combined version; 3.92MB-section 1a; 3.65MB-section 1b)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/SouthEastAsia/myanmar/pdfs/BS0001a.pdf
http://www.lib.washington.edu/SouthEastAsia/myanmar/pdfs/BS0001b.pdf
Date of entry/update: 11 October 2014


Title: King Mindon's Counselors
Date of publication: June 1961
Description/subject: Author read this paper at annual meeting of Burma Research Society on 24 Feburary 1961. King Mindon ( 1852 - 78 ) governed Burma for nearly 26 years. His counselors were esteemed as they gave good advice and served him well in administering the country. The most famous were the Pakhan Wungyi, Kinwun Mingyi and Yaw Atwinwun. Mindon's Legislative Council was also powerful as they had the power to remove royal orders. The author believes that Myanmar counselors functioned well during King Mindon's reign and are a model for today.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar Counselors... 2. Myanmar - Politics and government.....Key Words: 1. Wungyi -Minister of the Hluttaw... 2. Atwinwon - Interior Minister... 3. Wondauk-officer who assisted the Hluttaw
Author/creator: KYAN, Daw
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 44, No. 1, pp61-80, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.2MB-reduced; 1.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/MK0001J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: Votive tablets of Burma, Part I
Date of publication: 1961
Description/subject: Among the first evidence of Burmese culture are carved Buddha images and the brith stories of Buddha on clay, stone, metal and wood. The height of the the votive tablets are five to eight inches. Early votive tablets were found in Srikshetra, Tagaung, Bagan, Thaton, Hpa-an and Rakhine State. The votive tablets studied are housed in the Department of Archaeology, Yangon. They are: (1) Votive tablets of King Anawrahta, p. 3-16... (2) Votive tablets donated by Bagan people, p. 16-26... (3) Votive tablets of Sawlu Min , p. 26-28... (4) Votive tabletsof King Kyansittha, p. 28-31... (5) Votive tablets of King Alaungsithu, p. 32-33... (6) Votive tablets of the Buddha's life, p. 33-40... (7) Votive tablets from Tagaung, p. 48-51... (8) Votive tablets from Katha, p. 51... (9) Votive tablets from Minbu, p. 52... (10) Votive tablets from Thazi, p. 53... (11) Votive tablets from Sagaing, p. 54... (12) Votive tablets from Thaton, p. 54-56... (13) Votive tablets from Pathein, p. 56-57... (14) Votive tablets from Tavoy, p. 57-60... (15) Votive tablets from Yangon (Botataung Pagoda), p.61... (16) Votive tablets from Yangon (Tatalay), p.61... (17) Votive tablets from Bago, p. 62-63... (18) Votive tablets from Sittway, p.63-64...Subject Terms: 1. Votive Tablets... 2. Buddhism - Myanmar
Author/creator: Mya, U, Thiripyanchi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Department of Archaeology via Univeristy of Washington
Subscribe: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/Mya_U_(Thiripyanchi)-1961-Votive_tablets_of_Burma,%20Part-I-comb-red.pdf
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0001a.pdf (3.5MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0001b.pdf (2.9MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0001c.pdf (3.0MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0001d.pdf (1.9MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0001e.pdf (2.0MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014


Title: Votive tablets of Burma, Part II
Date of publication: 1961
Description/subject: In Part II the author writes about the Pyu of Srikshetra and the rich discovery of votive tablets found there. The article includes many illustrations.....Subject Terms: 1. Votive tablets... 2. Buddhism - Myanmar
Author/creator: Mya, U, Thiripyanchi
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Department of Archaeology via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (2.8MB-reduced, combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0002a.pdf (3.4MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0002b.pdf (2.8MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0002c.pdf (1.9MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0002d.pdf (1.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014


Title: Betel Receptacles
Date of publication: December 1960
Description/subject: Betel-chewing has been a national habit in Myanmar for centuries. The great variety of betel receptacles have become a significant source for cultural research . The old Mon and Myanmar inscriptions described betel and items necessary to the eating of betel. The author has analyzed eighteen types of betel receptacles, some with insignias of one particular class, and others of more general nature. The different types of betel receptacles like Kwam: ac, Kwam: up, and Kwam: khawk are made of different materials that reflect the wealth and status of the user. They range from split bamboo,to silver and gold studded with precious stones.....Subject Terms: betel receptacles..... Key Words: 1. Kwam: an (Insignia worn by wealthy men in the 17th and first half of the 18th century.]... 2. Kwam : ac... 3. Kwam : up (Insignia designed for royalty-- kings, princes sawbwas, and nobles.)... 4. Kwam kalap (Fashion appurtances during the late Ava period designating wives of nobles, lesser court officials, and lords of the villages.)... 5. Kwam : Khawk (Part of the insignia designating kings, princes, nobles and their wives and consorts.)
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Bulletin of the Burmese Historial Commission", Vol. 1, Part 2, pp167-229, 1960-12, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (938K-reduced version; 3.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0010.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014


Title: The Thrones of the Burmese Kings
Date of publication: December 1960
Description/subject: This paper was read at the Kanthaseinlai Society on 31 Jan 1960. The author wrote about the nine thrones of Myanmar Kings which were used for different purposes on specific occasions. 1. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Earth Palace)... 2. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Hluttaw)... 3. The Padummasana Throne, Lily Throne... 4. The Bhamarasana (Bee Throne)... 5. The Maruyasana (Peacock Throne)... 6. The Migsana Deer Throne... 7. The Hamsasana Hamsa Throne... 8. The Gagasana Elephant Throne... 9. Sankhasana Conch Throne.....Subject Terms: 1. Thrones... 2. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Earth Palace)... 3. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Hluttaw)... 4. The Padummasana Throne, Lily Throne... 5. The Bhamarasana (Bee Throne)... 6. The Maruyasana (Peacok Throne)... 7. The Migsana Deer Throne... 8. The Hamsasana Hamsa Throne... 9. The Gagasana Elephant Throne... 10. Sankhasana Conch Throne..... Key Words: thrones
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 43, No. 2, pp79-123, 1960-12, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB-reduced version; 2.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0016.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: History of Burma: AD 1300-1400
Date of publication: December 1959
Description/subject: The author chronicles the kings and rulers of later Bagan and explains and how they described the Myinsaing, Sagaing and Pinya dynasties. The many references used for this article are all drawn from the inscriptions. This period is described as the most troubled in the Myanmar history. Nonetheless, forest dwellers (monks) and the kings of the later period laid the foundation for the political and cultural progress Myanmar made in the 15th and 16th centuries.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History - Bagan period, 1044-1287... 2. Myanmar-History-Pinya period, 1312-1324... 3. Myanmar-History-Sagaing period, 1315-1364... 4. Myanmar-History-King Kyawswar, 1287-1298... 5. Myanmar-History-King Sawhnit, 1298-1312... 6. Myanmar-History-King Thihathu, 1312-1324... 7. Myanmar-History-King Ngarsishin, 1343-1350... 8. Myanmar-History-King Narathu, 1359-1364... 9. Myanmar-History-King Uzana, 1364
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 42, Part 2, December 1959, pp119-133, via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (753K-reduced version; 1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0010J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2014


Title: Religion in Burma, AD 1000 -1300
Date of publication: 1959
Description/subject: This paper was read at the Kanthaseinlai Group meeting on 13th July 1958. It argues that the Myanmar (Burmans) were Buddhist long before King Anawrahta's (Aniruddha) conquest of lower Burma. They did not practise Theravada Buddhism, rather they observed a form of Mahayana Buddhism much influenced by Vaishnavism and native Naga (serpent) worship. With the conquest of Thaton in 1057 AD by King Anawrahta Theravada Buddhism was introduced to Central Burma. According to the excavation of Srikshetra and Hanlin the Pyu already believed in Buddhism. This paper is based on Bagan inscriptions which reveal the spread of Buddhism between AD 1000-1300.....Subject Terms: 1. Religion-Myanmar... 2. Buddhism-Myanmar-Bagan period... 3. Buddha and Buddhism... 4. Arahan, Shin... 5. Tipitaka (Buddhist Scriptures)..... Key Words: 1. Theravada Buddhism... 2. Vishnavism... 3. Brahmanism... 4. Jatakas... 5. Sasana (Buddist Religion)... 6. Paiyatti (Buddhist Religion)... 7. Pitaka (Buddhist scripture) 8. Vinaya... 9. Anawrahta, King (AD 1044-1077)... 10. Kyansittha, King (AD 1084-1112)
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 42, Part 2, pp47-69, 1959 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1MB-reduced version; 1.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0014J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 November 2014


Title: Religious Buildings of Burma, AD 1000-13000
Date of publication: 1959
Description/subject: This paper was read at the Annual Research Conference of the Burma Research Society on 24 December 1959. It describes religious architecture between AD 1000 and 1300: the construction plans of pagodas both solid and hollow, monastries of brick and wood, and others religious edifices including alms houses, rest-houses, libraries, and reservoirs which contributed to propogation of the Buddhist Sasana.....Subject Terms: 1. Religious buildings-Bagan... 2. Religious art and symbolism... 3. Religious education... 4. Pagodas... 5. Monasteries... Key Words: 1. Ku (Guha)... 2. Kalakapot... 3. Puthuiw (miniature pagoda)... 4. Kalaklon (brick monastery)... 5. Ceti (solid pagoda)... 6. Tipitaka (Buddhist scriptures)... 7. Jatakas
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 42, Part 2, 1959 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (492K-reduced version; 834K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0013J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 November 2014


Title: Social life in Burma, AD 1044 -1287
Date of publication: 31 December 1958
Description/subject: Analyzes social life and customs of the Bagan people during the period AD 1044 - 1287. The vocations of the Bagan people were: agriculture, including cowherds; food suppliers; craftsmen; musicians; and such diverse work as midwifery, launderess, boatmen, palanquin carriers, oil producers, water carriers and canal diggers. The slaves (kywan) in those days was different from later periods as individuals voluntarily turned themselves into slaves of religious establishments. A pagoda slave did not sink in the social scale, rather he gained merit and respect from his family and community.....Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar-social life and custom... 2. Myanmar - history..... Key Words 1. Slaves (Kywan).....undated
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 42, Part 2, pp47-69, 1959 via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (538K-reduced version; 866K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TT0015J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 November 2014


Title: Aspects of Burmese Culture
Date of publication: 31 December 1957
Description/subject: This paper was read at a conference on 31 December 1957. It summarizes contributions and achievements of Myanmar culture. The author evaluates the initial Pyu and Mon contributions to Myanmar language and literature, handicrafts, currency and coinage, weights and measures, festivals, then seeks to describe the essence of Myanmar spirit.....1. Myanmar Culture... 2. Pyu Culture... 3. Mon Culture... 4. Religious Architecture... 5. Lacquerware - Myanmar... 6. Myanmar Language... 7. Myanmar Literature... 8. Myanmar Drama..... Key Words: Myanmar, Mom, Pyu, lacquerware, Buddhist architecture
Author/creator: Lu Pe Win, U
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", pp19-37 via Washington University
Format/size: pdf (862K-reduced version; 1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/LP0001.pdf
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2014


Title: Myanmar and Historical Writing/ မြန်မာတို့ နှင့် ရာဇဝင် ရေးသားမှု
Date of publication: May 1957
Description/subject: This article was written under the pen-name San Aung. Many texts of great value to historians were written during the Myanmar monarchies. After independence the Myanmar Historical Commission was formed and assigned the duty of writing Myanmar's history. The author eulogized Sithu U Kaung, the first chairman of the Burma Historical Commission. His death in a plane crash in 1957 was a great loss for Myanmar's scholars and educators..... Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - History ..... 2. Myanmar Historical Commission ..... Key Words: 1. Burma Histor7ical Commission 2. Historical Writing 3. U Kaung
Author/creator: Ba Shin, Col. /ဗိုလ်မှူး ဘရှင်
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myawaddy" No. 7, May 1957, pp5-7
Format/size: pdf (294K-reduced version; 1.28 MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0003.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 November 2010


Title: About Mandalay
Date of publication: 1956
Description/subject: This article was written under the pen-name San Aung. (Mandalay) , the last capital city of the Myanmar kings which was captured by the British in 1885. The author draws upon three letters as crucial in describing important events (1) the letter from General Prendergast, (2) the letter from Kinwun Mingyi to the British Commissioner, and (3), the reply letter from Prendergast. It also offers a brief chronicle of Mandalay history [1853 - 1953].....Subject Terms: 1. Mandalay - History... 2. Myanmar - History... 3. Third Anglo - Burmese war , 1885..... Key Words: Mandalay
Author/creator: Ba Shin, Col.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Myawaddy", pp20-27, 1956, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (340K-reduced version; 1.4MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0006.pdf
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2014


Title: Administration of Burma
Date of publication: 1947
Description/subject: Describes the administration of Myanmar kings. The kings governed with the help of Amats (high court officials). Monks were also important, often serving as advisors to the Court, even assisting the kings in foreign relations...Subject Terms: 1. Myanmar - Politics and government... 2. Myanmar-History-Bagan Period (1044-1287)..... Key Words: 1. Min (King)... 2. Amat (High official of Myanmar Royal Court)... 3. Thanpyin (Amat)... 4. Administration
Author/creator: Than Tun, Dr.
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Nawarat Ko-thwe", 2nd editon, pp342-369, 1974, Sabei Oo Sarpay via Univeristy of Washington
Format/size: pdf (600K-reduced version; 2.2MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/CU0008.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 November 2014


Title: History of Minbu District, Introduction, 1887-1897
Date of publication: 1936
Description/subject: The District of Minbu is bounded on the north by Pakokku District, on the south by Thayetmyo District and on the west by the Rakhine Yomas. The article describes the geography, narrative history, canals and water courses of Minbu district.....Subject Terms: 1. Minbu District-History... 2. Geography-Minbu District... 3. Mibu District-Gazetter... 4. Historical Sites-Minbu District
Author/creator: BA SHIN, Col.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of the Burma Research Society", Vol. 26, Part 1,1936, pp.43-51, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (464K-reduced version; 794K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/BS0001J.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 November 2010


Title: Paunmakyi
Date of publication: 1931
Description/subject: Article describing diverse images of the Pounmakyi Nat. Villagers believe in and and pray to her for successful crops, and and some imagine the Nat to be the Pubba star.....Subject Terms: 1. Pounmakyi Nat... 2. Pubba Star
Author/creator: Mya, U
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 32, Part 1, pp10-31, 1931?, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.5MB-reduced version; 2.1MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0003.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014


Title: Myanmar Cultural Symbols
Description/subject: (1) Umbrella and parasol p. 7 - 11. (2) Thathika p.12 - 17. (3) Hintha (Brahmin Duck) p. 18 - 22. (4) Lotus p. 23 - 28. (5) Origins of the Buddha's images p. 29 - 33. (6) Kinnara (mythic bird with a human head and torso) p. 34 - 37. (7) Bronze drum p. 38 - 42. (8) Jatakamarlar painting p. 43 - 47. (9) Balupanzwe-ornamental motif p. 48 - 51. (10) The Buddha's Tooth - Relic p. 52 - 57. (11) Thihathana throne p. 58 - 63. (12) Rosary (Prayer Beads) p. 64 - 67. (13) Pounmagi p. 68 - 70. (14) Prayer p. 71 - 75 .(15) Pot stand p. 76 - 78. (16) Full moon Day of Kason and Three Sacred places p. 79 - 85. (17) Wathondri -Earth Goddess p. 86 - 89. (18) Wheel of Dhama p. 91 - 94. (19) Mother of Myanmar p. 95 - 106. Describes and analyzes symbols and icons within Burmese culture, explained with references, including religious icons such as images of Buddha, Buddha's tooth-relic, and the Wheel of Dhama.....Subject Terms: 1. Culture symbolism... 2. Religious art and symbolism... 3. Mythology... 4. Signs and symbols - Myanmar... 5. Hintha-brahmin duck... 6. Umbrella and Parasols... 7. Lotus... 8. Images, Buddha... 9. Kinnara-mythical bird-male... 10. Kinnari -mythical bird-female... 11. Drums... 12. Wathondri-earth goddess... 13. Wheel of Dhama... 14. Rosary... 15. Pounmagj-nat... 16. Yechansin-stand for a pot or pots of cool drinking water for travellers... 17. Balupanzwe-ornamental motif... 18. Throne... Key Words culture, religion, mythology, signs, dhamma.....UW metadata contain no date or source of publication......2 divided files were reunited (sections in Alternate ULs)
Author/creator: Taik Soe
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)
Source/publisher: Accessed on the site of the Univerity of Washington
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB-combined)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TS0001a.pdf (3.54MB)
http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/TS0001b.pdf (3.24MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2014