VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > Main Library > Environment > The environment of Burma/Myanmar > Publications on the environment of Burma/Myanmar

Order links by: Reverse Date Title

Publications on the environment of Burma/Myanmar

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "BurmaNet News" Environment archive
Description/subject: About 10 articles -- from 2008 to October 2016, whenn it closed.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Various sources via "BurmaNet News"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 April 2012

Title: *Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar - environment* (video)
Description/subject: About 46,800 results (August 2017)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2017

Title: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Description/subject: "The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG) brings together Burma focused ethnic environmental and social organizations. Each member organization monitors Burma development policy and advocates for alternative development policies meeting their specific traditional and comprehensive understanding of local sustainability. BEWG provides a forum for member organizations to combine the successes, knowledge, expertise and voices of ethnic peoples in pursuit of not just local livelihoods, but sustainable and peaceful national, regional and international development policy. Members collaborate on research, reporting, advocacy campaigns, capacity-building initiatives and policy formulation. BEWG also networks with non-member organizations to encourage harmony and diversity in its own activities as well as strengthen democracy and civil society in Burma..."
Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2012

Title: Burma Rivers Network
Description/subject: Includes sections on the major rivers of Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Rivers Network
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2012

Title: Dag Hammarskjold Foundation -- Burma Seminars
Description/subject: Another development for Burma: Strengthening the capacity within the Burmese democracy movement for meeting future development challenges has been a recent major initiative. New capacity building activities will seek to strengthen further the democratic forces in the world...plus other related material
Language: English
Source/publisher: Dag Hammarskold Foundation
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.dhf.uu.se/seminars/burma.html
Date of entry/update: 04 December 2009

Title: EarthRights International: Burma Project
Description/subject: "EarthRights International's Burma Project collects vital on-the-ground information about the human rights and environmental situation in Burma. Since 1995, ERI has worked in Burma to monitor the impacts of the military regime's policies and activities on local populations and ecosystems. ERI's staff has gathered a vast body of valuable, rare information about the state of the military regime's war on its peoples and its environment. Through gathering testimonies, grassroots organizing, and distributing information through campaign work, the Burma Project has made a significant contribution to human rights and environment protection in Burma. Where possible, we link our grassroots fact-finding missions and community organizing with regional and international level advocacy and campaigning. We work alongside affected community groups to prevent human rights and environmental abuses associated with large-scale development projects in Burma. Currently, the Burma Project focuses on large-scale dams, oil and gas development, and mining. We share experiences and resources with local communities, as well as provide assistance relevant to community needs. Over the past 10 years the Burma Project has raised awareness about the alarming depletion of resources in Burma and their relationship to a vast array of human rights abuses, as well as the local, national, and regional implications of these practices."...Sections on Dams, Mining, Oil & Gas and Other Areas of Work.
Language: English
Source/publisher: EarthRights International
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.earthrights.org
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Title: Enviroburma
Description/subject: Replaced the spammed-up Greenburma in August 2011. Greenburma still has a very useful archive, back to 2001 (see Alternate URL)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Yahoogroups
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/greenburma
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2012

Title: Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Description/subject: Search for Myanmar
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Google search results for Myanmar on mongabay.com
Description/subject: About 4,420 results (October 2017)
Language: English (+?)
Source/publisher: mongabay.com
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: www.http://mongabay.org/
Date of entry/update: 26 October 2017

Title: Greenburma
Description/subject: Useful archive from 2001 to mid-August 2011 after which it is full of spam...Replaced by http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enviroburma .....Message from the moderator: "Dear Green Burma list members, Because the Green Burma Yahoo Group, in public operation since 2000, now has been attacked by spam, does not have a moderator and has many inactive "members" -- I have created a new, private Yahoo Group, which I will moderate, to cover the same topic. The new group is called Environment Burma -- http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enviroburma A summary of what the new group covers is below. As a private group, only members of Environment Burma will be able to receive group messages, look at them online or view the archive of messages. Environment Burma is the group to which I will post news of Burma environment topics from now on. Members of Green Burma can request (at Yahoo Groups site) to join the Environment Burma group. As long as a membership request is not from a spammer, it will be approved. If commercial spam is sent to the EB group (very unlikely, since it is private) the message & sender will be deleted. Any member of the new EB group can post messages and comments. Active participation is encouraged. thanks and best wishes, Edith Mirante Here are the details on enviroburma: Group home page: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enviroburma Group email address: enviroburma@yahoogroups.com
Language: English
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/greenburma
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
Description/subject: 432 results for a search for Myanmar AND environment (July 2012)
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.icimod.org/search/?sectionid=&search=1&keyword=Myanmar+AND+environment&x=33&y=20
Date of entry/update: 05 July 2012

Title: International Rivers
Description/subject: Formerly International Rivers Network (IRN)..."International Rivers' mission is to protect rivers and defend the rights of communities that depend on them. We oppose destructive dams and the development model they advance, and encourage better ways of meeting people’s needs for water, energy and protection from damaging floods. To achieve this mission, we collaborate with a global network of local communities, social movements, non-governmental organizations and other partners. Through research, education and advocacy, International Rivers works to halt destructive river infrastructure projects, address the legacies of existing projects, improve development policies and practices, and promote water and energy solutions for a just and sustainable world. The primary focus of our work is in the global South..."...Some articles and reports on Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Rivers
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://internationalrivers.org/
Date of entry/update: 26 April 2008

Title: International Rivers Network Mekong Page
Description/subject: Watches ADB projects in the Mekong region
Language: English
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 August 2010

Title: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
Description/subject: ABOUT KESAN: "KESAN is a community based organisation with a central office in Chiang Mai, Thailand. We implement project activities on the Thai Burma border and in Karen and Kachin states in Burma. For the past eight years we have been working towards improving rural livelihood security using an approach that empowers and educates communities and institutions to sustain existing indigenous knowledge and practices to use and manage forest resources for the long term benefit of the community. KESAN also plays a leading role in addressing environmental and development concerns in environmental law and policy formulation in preparation for the post transition period in Burma. KESAN networks with local, regional and international organisations towards increased recognition of local and indigenous peoples rights to use and manage their natural resources for sustainable development. Vision Karen indigenous people in Burma live peacefully in a healthy environment and actively participate in maintaining ecological balance and livelihood security. Mission KESAN is a local organization working alongside local communities in Karen State and Kachin State, Burma to build up capacities in natural resource management, raise public environmental awareness, support community-based development initiatives; and collaborate with organizations at all levels to advocate for environment policies and development priorities that ensure sustainable ecological, social, cultural and economic benefits and gender equity . Objectives 1. To enhance capacities of local communities and community-based organizations to enable activities for environmental protection and social development 2. To develop indigenous environmental education and materials to increase children and youth awareness and participation in environmental protection 3. To support community-based development initiatives to preserve our environment, cultures and traditional livelihoods 4. To advocate for environment policies and practices and development priorities that are environmentally friendly, socially equitable, culturally beneficial and economically viable 5. To systematize and scale up ongoing efforts to mainstream a gender perspective in all aspects of KESANs program of work."
Language: English, Karen
Source/publisher: Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 November 2009

Title: Myanmar Country Profile
Description/subject: Short abstract of a hard copy (sales?) doc
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Resources Inst.
Alternate URLs: http://www.wri.org/wdces/my80_205.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Rainforest Action Network
Language: English
Format/size: Search for "Burma"
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: TERRA (Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance)
Description/subject: "Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance/Foundation for Ecological Recovery (TERRA/FER), believe that public debate on, and participation in, decisions concerning environment and development is a crucial first step in forging paths towards a more equitable and sustainable future for all people in the Mekong region. This means that civil society must play a strong role in shaping national and regional development policy process. In supporting the work of civil society groups in the region, we have undertaken a range of activities, including participatory research, internships, field studies and exchange. We also engage in campaign and monitoring activities to address development projects, programmes and policies that have negative implications for local people and the environment..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: TERRA
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 September 2014

Title: The environment of Burma (Wikipedia)
Description/subject: B â–º Biota of Burma‎ (2 C, 3 P) C â–º Conservation in Burma‎ (4 C) E â–º Energy in Burma‎ (4 C, 4 P) N â–º Natural history of Burma‎ (3 P) P â–º Protected areas of Burma‎ (1 C, 20 P) W â–º Water in Burma‎ (1 C) List of ecoregions in Burma H Hengduan Mountains N Northern Triangle temperate forest Y Yadanabon Zoological Gardens Categories: BurmaEnvironment by cou
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 July 2012

Title: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Description/subject: 38,600 search results for "Myanmar" (July 2012)
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: World Rainforest Movement (WRM)
Description/subject: A major resource. Several articles on Burma (use the Search and Info by country). Extremely good links page: NGOs, Intergovernmental Sites, Research Institutes; Other links. "The World Rainforest Movement is an international network of citizens' groups of North and South involved in efforts to defend the world's rainforests. It works to secure the lands and livelihoods of forest peoples and supports their efforts to defend the forests from commercial logging, dams, mining, plantations, shrimp farms, colonisation and settlement and other projects that threaten them..."
Language: English, Espanol (WRM Bulletin)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: WWF - results of a local search for Myanmar
Description/subject: About 440 results (9 November 2017)
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 November 2017

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar’s environmental administration facing challenges – needs assessment carried out with Finland's support
Date of publication: 13 May 2016
Description/subject: "Myanmar’s environmental administration faces an enormous challenge as the country's economy opens up. Last year, Finland supported an assessment to identify the administration’s development needs, carried out in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Myanmar’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation..."
Author/creator: Maria Suokko
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
Format/size: html,pdf (1.5MB)
Alternate URLs: http://formin.finland.fi/public/default.aspx?contentid=346142&contentlan=2&culture=en-US
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2018

Title: Keeping it Clean: Renewable Energy a Better Way for Myanmar
Date of publication: 18 February 2016
Description/subject: "...Building a power system prizing efficiency around solar and wind means breaking with the legacies of earlier times when the environment and health impacts were not so well understood. If Myanmar chooses to break with the past, the door opens to the possibility of an energy leapfrog. It is a path worth pursuing. It leads to accelerated access to sustainable electricity by exploiting the flexibility of solar coupled with advanced batteries and small hydro integrated into micro-grids, built simultaneously nationwide. Taking this pathway opens up the possibility of electric motorcycles, cars and buses with lower cost, pollution and noise. Life in towns and cities will be all the better. Lots of jobs will be created. Surprisingly, enabling the leapfrog need not unduly burden the public purse. Local and foreign investors, possibly in partnership with communities, could finance energy options around solar, wind, microgrids and electric buses if policy and regulation are clear, simple and stable..."
Author/creator: David Fullbrook
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 February 2016

Title: Think Like a Mountain: Toward a Perspective for Interdisciplinary Ecosystem Research
Date of publication: 25 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "This might refer to our relationship with the environment just as well as to that between a man and a woman. Our relationship with the environment requires careful attention for we must take care of it if we want it to reciprocate. Around the globe today, that relationship is being challenged. We are here in a wondrous and wonderful part of the world. This sketch of Asia’s major rivers flowing down from the Tibetan plateau illustrates just how central our location is, both geographically and in terms of the hundreds of millions of human lives and other biological phenomena impacted by the flow of these waters. The river of concern for me today is the Salween, in some locations called the Nu Jiang or the Thanlwin. Lately my focus has been on Myanmar (Burma) and its current struggles to emerge form a long period of difficult political and economic conditions. Many, dare I say all of us, desire to help this great country to achieve higher levels of prosperity and sustainable well-­being. One focal point for many has become the Salween..." .....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­25 July 2015
Author/creator: James Lin Compton
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­25 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (85K)
Date of entry/update: 06 August 2015

Title: Asian Development Bank Interim Country Partnership Strategy: Myanmar, 2012-2014 ENVIRONMENT ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY)
Date of publication: September 2012
Description/subject: "Myanmar is well endowed with natural resources on which economic development and people’s livelihoods are largely dependent. Despite the low levels of industrialization and the relatively low population density, the country’s environment is under threat from both human activities and climate change. Natural resources and environment status and trends as documented in Myanmar’s current National Environmental Performance Report 2007- 2010 prepared under ADB’s GMS CEP-BCI are summarized hereinafter..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Format/size: pdf (65K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/mya-interim-2012-2014-ena.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2012

Title: BURMA’S ENVIRONMENT: PEOPLE, PROBLEMS, POLICIES (English; Executive Summary in Burmese)
Date of publication: June 2011
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Burma has extensive biodiversity and abundant natural resources, which have in recent years been threatened by militarization, large-scale resource extraction, and infrastructure development. Burma has some laws and policies related to protecting people and the environment, but the country lacks the necessary administrative and legal structures, standards, safeguards and political will to enforce such provisions. The country is also a party to several international treaties relating to the environment, including those on protection of biodiversity and indigenous peoples, wildlife, and countering climate change. It is unclear, however, how the contents of those treaties that have been ratified have been incorporated into domestic law. Many organizations are active in Burma on projects and programs related to environmental protection and sustainable development. This includes a broad range of community-based organizations, grassroots organizations, national and international NGOs, UN agencies, and church groups both based in government-controlled areas of Burma (‘inside’) and those based in the Thai and Chinese border regions (‘border groups’). Many organizations take the ‘traditional’ conservation approach or the rights-based approach or both. Organizations that are using a rights-based approach work from a perspective of sustainable development and livelihoods and subsequently focus on issues such as food security, land tenure and rights, and community development and organizing. Conservation organizations tend to focus specifically on environmental protection, although with varying strategies to achieve their common goal. Organizations working on environmental issues also focus on environmental awareness, education and training, policy development, advocacy and networking. Communities continue to be excluded from protected forest areas, threatening their forestbased livelihoods. The 1990s and 2000s witnessed severe logging, first along the Thai-Burma border and then along the China border in northern Burma. Although the logging rush has somewhat subsided along these borders, the government and military continue to allocate logging concessions to Chinese and Burmese business people, irrespective of national and local laws regulating sustainable forestry practices. Timber, however, contributes much less to GDP as other resource sectors boom. Community forestry is positioned to challenge the manner in which timber resources are managed, providing some promising devolutionii trends. Land tenure remains very weak in Burma. The state owns all the land and resources in Burma, with most villagers having no formal land title for their customary agricultural land. New policies have been put in place allocating land concessions to private entities which do not respect customary land rights or informal land holdings. There are no safeguards to protect farmers from the onslaught of capitalism or mechanisms to help them benefit. Control over natural resources is a major cause of conflict in ethnic areas, where the majority of Burma’s natural resources remain. Foreign direct investment in Burma is concentrated in energy and extractive sectors and often results in militarization and displacement. Recently ii a delegation of authority by a central government to local governing units The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG) 08 there has been heightened interest from countries in the region for more investment opportunities. Given the lack of sound economic policy and unwillingness of the state to reconcile with ethnic armed groups, an increase in foreign investment could have a major impact on the environment and communities living in these areas. While they do not provide loans, international financial institutions such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund remain engaged in Burma. The Asian Development Bank in particular provides assistance through various channels and facilitates private investment. Burma is currently facing many threats to the natural environment and sustainable livelihoods, such as construction of large dams, oil and gas extraction, mining, deforestation, large-scale agricultural concessions, illegal wildlife trade and climate change. The majority of Burma’s income comes from selling off natural resources, including billions of dollars from gas and hydropower development. Investment comes from countries within the region– most significantly China, India and Thailand. Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, Vietnam and Korea are also key investors looking to increase investments after the elections. These resource extractive investments damage the environment and threaten local resource-based livelihoods, particularly in ethnic areas. In order to take steps towards ecologically and socially responsible development in Burma, Burma must have a sound policy framework for environmental protection and sustainable development that enables citizens to take part in decision making about their own development, and ensures responsible private sector investment. Until then, new foreign investors investing in energy, extractive and plantation sectors should refrain from investing. Existing investors should immediately cease all project-related work - particularly in sensitive areas throughout Burma - until adequate safeguards are in place to ensure investment does not lead to unnecessary destruction of the natural environment and local livelihoods. At the same time, International NGOs and UN agencies should ensure people are recognized as key actors in their own development, rather than passive recipients of commodities and services; and civil society organizations should empower communities throughout Burma to understand their rights..."
Language: English, Burmese (Executive Summary)
Source/publisher: The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB, Burmese E.S 69K))
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs11/bewg-2011-burmas-environment(ES-bu).pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2011

Title: Burma Human Rights Yearbook 2008 - Chapter 9: Environmental Degradation
Date of publication: 23 November 2009
Description/subject: "Burma is a country rich in biodiversity, with a wealth of natural resources. This biodiversity however, is under threat in many ways, but particularly from the impacts of the projects which exploit natural resources for energy. Oil, gas and hydroelectric projects are all a valuable source of income for the regime, which exploits the country’s abundant natural resources by signing deals with neighbouring countries for the extraction and export of these resources. Seldom do those Burmese citizens living in the areas of the projects see any benefits. Instead, they are often subjected to a wide variety of human rights abuses associated with increased militarization around the projects; abuses including forced labour, land confiscation and resettlement, among others. In addition, their drinking water supplies are threatened, as is the fertility of their farmlands..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Docmentation Unit (HRDU)
Format/size: pdf (976K)
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2009

Title: A Natural Disaster in the Making
Date of publication: April 2008
Description/subject: Burma’s rulers have shown little inclination to learn from the environmental mistakes of their neighbors... "WHILE the world ponders the continuing repressive policies of the Burmese junta, a different crisis is looming across the country. The health and welfare of large numbers of the country’s 50 million or so population is endangered by the consequences of a deteriorating natural environment. Scavengers collect garbage floating on a sewage pool in central Rangoon in order to earn their livelihood. (Photo: AFP) A combination of water pollution, land degradation through forest slashing, and badly thought out infrastructure projects is threatening to displace hundreds of thousands of people and put the lives of many others in danger, say environmentalists. The lawless pursuit of profit is wrecking good farm land, poisoning drinking water and depleting natural resources such as fish, on which millions depend for food. Several international NGOs have sent out warnings that years of wanton plunder by the military and its business affiliates—plus massive new projects being pursued without proper technical assessments—are coalescing to create an ecological disaster..."
Author/creator: William Boot
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008

Title: Myanmar National Environmental Performance Assessment Report (2008)
Date of publication: January 2008
Description/subject: A report on the first environmental performance assessment (EPA) conducted in Myanmar. The assessment covers seven environmental concerns: forest resources, biodiversity, land degradation, management of water resources, waste management, air pollution from mobile sources, and climate change....EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Like its Greater Mekong Subregion neighbors, Myanmar has been trying to reconcile the demands of economic growth with the integrity of its physical environment and the long-term health of its citizens. This Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA) report evaluates the degree of success that national stakeholders have had in achieving this objective, expressed in a number of different ways in official policy documents. The assessment is confined to seven key environmental concerns, viz., forest resources, biodiversity, land degradation, management of water resources, waste management, air pollution from mobile sources and climate change. The assessment uses a structure of performance indicators and is supported by detailed statistical information. Reinforced by policy and institutional support, progress has been made towards safeguarding the forest resources despite evidence of increased pressure on them during the last three decades. Following a period of rapid loss between 1975 and 1995, the forest cover stabilized around 51 per cent at the turn of the last decade. The expansion of the Permanent Forest Estate is a strong positive feature. It is too early to say what the effect of recent re-orientation of forest management towards community management and greater attention to reducing fuelwood consumption has been. Myanmar’s exceptionally rich biodiversity could not escape the effect of the pressure on habitats during the last two decades, in particular the rapid loss of natural forest in the 1980s (and its continuation to this day), and loss of mangroves. The authorities’ response has been to expand the protected area system to about 6.5 per cent of the total land area by 2004. Although the country is well endowed with land suitable for agriculture, it is not immune to different forms of land degradation. Soil erosion is serious in the uplands on about 10 per cent of the country’s cultivated areas. The authorities’ land rehabilitation schemes have not kept pace with new cultivation by the upland farmers, the trend sustained by high rates of population growth. Myanmar is perceived as a low water stress country. Nonetheless, the dominant role of rice in the cropping systems and several other factors has made irrigation a priority concern. The volume of irrigation water storage capacity has increased 27 times since 1988. Given the continued policy and strategic preference for more paddies, the pressure on supplying more water for irrigated farming is set to remain high in the foreseeable future. Sustained funding of the irrigation water storage capacity and irrigation management has made it possible to improve the percentage of total lands effectively irrigated. The country has achieved substantial progress in providing its population with safe drinking water and Myanmar scores well in comparison to other GMS countries. In rural areas, access increased from 50% in 1995 to 74% in 2003. In urban areas the increase was from 78% in 1995 to 92% in 2003. Solid waste management in Myanmar presents a mixed picture of clear improvements in the country’s two premier cities (Yangon and Mandalay) combined with stagnating or deteriorating collection and disposal in other States and Divisions. In Yangon, a reduced volume of waste per capita has resulted in an overall decline in the volume of waste generated. The authorities’ greater efforts at collecting the waste disposal fees are believed to be largely responsible for this outcome. Unsystematic and insufficient information on air quality in Myanmar limits the authorities’ and the public’s knowledge about the principal trends and the contributions that vehicles make to atmospheric pollution in the principal cities. What can be said with a greater degree of confidence is that the “vehicle density” has been on the rise in Yangon and Mandalay. At the same time, it appears that the fuel consumed per vehicle has been declining. The National Commission for Environmental Affairs (NCEA) is the central body tasked to manage the environment in concert with sectoral agencies such as the Ministry of Forestry. Since its establishment NCEA has achieved some progress in integrating environmental concerns into the economic development mainstream. This included the ormulation of the national environmental policy (1994), and drafting of ‘Myanmar Agenda 21’ as a framework for a multi-pronged approach to sustainable development. However, NCEA requires more administrative and financial support to further increase its effectiveness. The enactment of the draft national environment protection law might be a key step in that direction."
Author/creator: U Win Myo Thu, U Maung Maung Than
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt of Union of Myanmar (NCEA), ADB, UNEP, ETC,
Format/size: pdf (OBL version-5.1MB; original, 6.2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.gms-eoc.org/uploads/resources/22/attachment/Myanmar%20EPA%20Report.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2012

Title: Gaining Ground: Earth Rights Abused in Burma Exposed
Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: This collection of reports is the result of the hard work and dedication of fourteen young men and women from diverse ethnic groups and regions in Burma who attended EarthRights International’s year-long leadership school for human rights and environmental advocacy, the EarthRights School of Burma (ERSB). The students are eager to expose ongoing human rights abuses and environmental destruction in Burma under the ruling State Peace and Develop­ment Council (SPDC). While conducting research the students took great risks, often placing themselves in danger, to reveal the truth about Burma and the perspectives of the people directly affected by abuses. The students were instructed in such subjects as human rights law, environmental monitoring, advocacy, and nonviolent social change. During coursework, each chose a topic and developed a thesis around it. During their fieldwork, students conducted grassroots investigations, gathered primary source information, and worked directly with victims of human rights abuses, while witnessing firsthand the pain and destruction caused by the SPDC and armed groups in Burma and on its borders. This is only the second such volume produced by ERSB; for most students this represents the first time they have conducted in-depth research and writing and seen their work in print. It is a significant step on their way to becoming committed human rights and environmental activists. With their new skills the Class of 2008 now joins previous graduates of the EarthRights Schools of Burma and the Mekong in becoming a significant force for positive change, ready to meet the challenge of bringing much-needed peace, justice, and democracy to their troubled nation...... TABLE OF CONTENTS:- The Environment: The Potential Impact of the Salween Dams on the Livelihoods of Villagers on Chaung Zon Island, Mon State by Nai Tiaung Pakao... Mountains Become Valleys and Valleys Become Mountains in Phakant Township, Kachin State, Burma by John... The Impact of Gold Mining on the Environment and Local Livelihoods in Shing Bwe Yang Township, Hugawng Valley, Kachin State, Burma by Myu Shadang... Social and Environmental Impacts of Deforestation in Northern Chin State, Burma by Icon..... Forced Labor: The SPDC Use of Forced Labor on the Electric Power Lines and the Effects on Villagers in De Maw Soe Township, Karenni State by Khon Nasa... The Impact of Land Confiscation on the Palaung People in Namkham and Mantong Townships, Northern Shan State, Burma by Mai Naw Jar..... Social Issues: 'If you cut the tree it will be scarred forever': Domestic Violence in Karenni Refugee Camp #1 by Tyardu... The Impact of Drugs on Palaung Children in Namkham Township, Northern Shan State by Lway Poe Taung... 'The price is getting very high': The Reasons Behind the Lack of Education for Children in Northern Shan State, Burma by Wallace... The Impact of the UN Resettlement Program for Karenni People in Camps 1 and 2 on the Thai-Burma Border by Mar Ry... 'Hungry for Education': Villagers Living in Ceasefire Controlled Areas Struggle to Educate Their Children in Boo Tho Township, Papun District by Day Day... The Negative Impacts of Jade Mining on Women in Hpakant, Kachin State by Cindy. ..... Food Security: The Food Security Crisis for People Living in Toungoo District by Dawn Flower... Causes of Food Insecurity in Rathidaung Township, Northern Arakan State by Zaw Zaw.
Language: English
Source/publisher: EarthRights School of Burma, EarthRights International
Format/size: pdf (12.7MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.earthrights.org/files/Reports/Gaining%20Ground%20-%20ERSB%202008.pdf
Date of entry/update: 07 February 2009