Smallholder farming and farmers in Burma/Myanmar
|Title:|| ||Farmer Groups & Civil Society (MYLAFF folder)
|Description/subject:|| ||To access some files, users may have to take out a (free) subscription to MYLAFF at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff.....
(In)Equality and Action: The Role of Women's Training Initiatives in Promoting Women's Leadership Opportunities in Myanmar...
Cooperation and Community Empowerment in Myanmar in the Context of Myanmar Agenda 21...
Crackdown at Letpadan: Excessive Force and Violations to the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Expression (en)...
Crackdown at Letpadan: Excessive Force and Violations to the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Expression (bu)...
Lessons Learned From Civil Society Efforts to Promote Community (Forest) Resource Rights and Other Rights in Voluntary Partnership Agreements...
Myanmar: Cross-Cutting Governance Challenges...
New Actors on the Global Stage - Environmental Adult Education and Activism Emerging from Within Myanmar (Burma)...
Stakeholder Engagement and Grievance Mechanisms...
|Alternate URLs:|| ||https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||02 July 2016|
|Title:|| ||How to Grow Burma’s Economy
|Date of publication:|| ||17 August 2016|
|Description/subject:|| ||UK-based author made a list of recommended reads by Bill Gates with his influential book “How Asia Works,” an analysis of success and failure in Asian economies.
In his book, Studwell argues that high-performing countries such as Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China set the foundations for economic success by strengthening smallholder agriculture, subjecting industry to export discipline and pursuing a tightly controlled financial policy.
Studwell spoke to The Irrawaddy ahead of his keynote speech at a conference in Naypyidaw on Tuesday on the role of government in supporting smallholder agriculture, to accelerate economic development..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Sandy Barron (interviews Joe Studwell)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy"|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||18 August 2016|
|Title:|| ||Myanmar's Smart Farmers - How low-cost solutions are keeping farmers in Myanmar one step ahead of climate change. (video)
|Date of publication:|| ||04 May 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Practically isolated from the global market for 50 years, Myanmar is still largely dependent on agriculture. But the country is one of the most at risk from climate change and no one feels these pressures more than the rural smallholder farmers who make up the backbone of its food system and rural economy.
Shorter monsoons and rising temperatures mean severe droughts have become more frequent in recent decades. This has led to higher levels of saltwater intrusion in important rice growing territories and an increase in the risk of complete crop failure.
Proximity Designs is a social enterprise which was founded to provide farmers with low-cost, low-tech equipment to help them adapt and thrive in their changing environment.
They ensure their products are both affordable and suitable by employing a team of data-gatherers to conduct thorough research within the farming communities. And thanks to a network of some 900 scooter-driving "field agents", their products can even find their way to the most remote parts of the country.
Russell Beard travels to Myanmar to meet the innovators behind Proximity Designs and to see how their products and expertise are helping farmers stay one step ahead in a changing world."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Russell Beard|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Al Jazeera (Earthrise)|
|Format/size:|| ||Adobe Flash (15 minutes)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||24 August 2015|
|Title:|| ||Alternatives to Land Grabbing: Smallholder Engagement in Commodity Booms in Southeast Asia
|Date of publication:|| ||May 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||Abstract: "Given the widespread smallholder impulse to engage
in commodity booms in Southeast Asia and the
potential for this engagement to offer a more
inclusive development pathway than large-scale
plantation production, we examine three issues: Wh
at are the agro-economic factors favouring or
obstructing smallholder modes of commodity production relative to large-scale production entities?
What are the incentives for agribusiness firms to contribute to smallholder commodity production
through roles other than direct farm management? Can smallholder commodity
production be broadly
inclusive in the face of tendencies towards agrarian differentiation and the market imperatives of
agribusiness firms? We present a preliminary exploration of these questions through localised case
studies of smallholder engagement with four commodity sectors – oil palm, rubber, cassava, and teak."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Rob Cramb,Vongpaphane Manivong, Jonathan Newby, Kem Sothorn, Patrick Sujang|
|Source/publisher:|| ||An international academic conference June 2015, Chiang Mai University|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (414K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||10 January 2016|
|Title:|| ||On The Land We Live - A film about land reform in Myanmar (video)
|Date of publication:|| ||17 March 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||Documentary by the Land Core Group Myanmar, where 70% of the Myanmar population are smallholder farmers, about the challenges faced by poor farmers from land grabbing and land dispossession in rural Myanmar...Interviews with land activists and dispossessed farmers in different parts of the country... sections on: resistance to land-grabbing; Myanmar land law and policies (where customary tenure and women's land rights are not explicitly recognised); efficiency of smallholder practice...|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (English voice-over and subtitles)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Land Core Group of the Food Security Working Group|
|Format/size:|| ||Adobe Flash (20 minutes)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xztU_f6QsrU&feature=youtu.be|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||18 March 2015|
|Title:|| ||LESSONS FOR THE POTENTIAL USE OF CONTRACT FARMING WITH SMALL LAND HOLDING FARMERS IN MYANMAR
|Date of publication:|| ||October 2011|
|Description/subject:|| ||Introduction: "The goal of poverty alleviation is now seen as a high priority project for
public statements the new President, Thein Sein, has raised issues of
as a problem
the country (as opposed to a previous failure to
acknowledge any such problems.)
Support for this goal
Poverty Alleviation Seminar headed by Dr. U Myint, and again, more broadly, at an
August 2011 poverty alleviation seminar in Nyapidaw attended by President Thein Sein
and democracy icon Daw Aung San Su Kyi.
At both events speakers
aimed at monetary reform, assessments of
Myanmar’s industrial sectors, infrastructure,
and agricultural development. Presenters overwhelmingly acknowledged the agricultural
sector as one in which improvements could be
to actually meet goals of addressing
With 70% of
Myanmar’s population supported by agricultural related employment and
to lower poverty levels
in this sector could
majority of the country’s residents. Currently, of these
residents, an estimated
32.7% remain under the country’s poverty line, though critics have described this number as low
(CIA World Fact Book, 2011).
to as the one time “rice
Asia, often highlighting how far the agricultural
and economic systems of
This renewed interest in the development of
agricultural sector has the potential to reengage that historical presence of agricultural
low income and small
land holders will be a key part of this
as farmers with
less then 1
up to 5
56% of Myanmar’s
The economic security of small land hold farmers
offer one way to sustainably improve the agricultural system and financial
large population of Myanmar’s farmers.
This paper will examine the possible use of contract farming
small land holding
as a tool
capitalize on the opportunity to improve the economic growth of
Myanmar’s agricultural sector, as well as
the livelihood, capacity,
this demographic of
It is important to highlight that
contract farming is not a blanket tool and
circumstances of successful cases
must be considered within Myanmar’s agricultural
context. Critics of contract farming highlight the
by a contract, along with the significant
it can place on already fragile farming 2
farmers risk everything. Such risks could be exacerbated by
Myanmar’s agricultural policy and political climate.
contract farming has been used
with increasing frequency to meet the needs of small land holding farmers, and
companies that have specialist or niche farming needs. These contracts have led to a
range of benefits for both farmers and contracting companies.
the part of the new government to make agricultural development and poverty reduction
policy goals, offers
small land hold farming
sector of Myanmar’s agricultural community.
Based on this consideration, this paper will briefly explore the
theoretical views of
will then examine the
circumstances of previous
commercial or large contract farming attempts in
Myanmar that have been problematic, before presenting two cases of contract farming with small land holders, in Laos and
From the analysis of
two successful cases originally documented by the
Asia Development Bank (ADB), this paper will work to identify positive and negative
lessons learned in ea
ch circumstance. This
examine the opportunities for the
these lessons to the context of Myanmar’s own small land hold farmers.
It will then conclude with a brief examination of the larger
contract farming implementation in
Myanmar, compared to the
Laos and Cambodia which
have given rise to
small land hold farmers."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Thomas A. Baker|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (113K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||10 January 2016|