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Fisheries (including aquaculture and fishing)

Individual Documents

Title: AQUACULTURE IN TRANSITION: VALUE CHAIN TRANSFORMATION, FISH AND FOOD SECURITY IN MYANMAR
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: "Fish farming (aquaculture) is important to Myanmar’s food security and is developing and transforming quickly. This study presents findings from a new field survey of the farmed fish value chain that is more detailed and broader than any previous study conducted in Myanmar. Many of our findings are at odds with what we perceive as conventional wisdom about fish farming in Myanmar. The findings have important policy implications to unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions....Fish is important for domestic food security – it is the leading purveyor of animal protein and the lead provider of micronutrients, important especially for child development, to Myanmar consumers. Fish is important in the food budget of households: nearly as much is spent on fish (14% of food expenditure) as on rice (19% of food expenditure). Fish farming also generates a lot of employment – about twice as much per acre as paddy farming. Fishfarming accounts for about 20% of domestic fish consumption in Myanmar. This is a long way behind neighboring Thailand and Bangladesh (about 80% and 55%, respectively); farmed fish already accounted for about 20% of the fish consumed in both these countries by the late 1980’s....Even though it is a common perception that aquaculture output is mainly exported, in fact, roughly 20% is exported, and 80% goes to the domestic market. We anticipate that the export share will even decline further in the near to medium term as the Myanmar urban market grows...."
Author/creator: Ben Belton1, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Ulrike Nischan, Thomas Reardon, Duncan Boughton
Language: English
Source/publisher: Michigan State University (MSU), Myanmar Development Resource Institute - Center for Economic and Social Development (MDRI-CESD), and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/MSU-2015-aquaculture_value_chain_report_sm.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2016


Title: Launch of research report into aquaculture (introduction, presentations and press release)
Date of publication: 28 January 2016
Description/subject: "Rapid growth in Myanmar’s fish farming industry is supporting higher rural incomes, greater job opportunities, and improved nutrition, health and well-being, according to research by the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD), Michigan State University (MSU) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). The research report, “Aquaculture in transition: Value chain transformation, fish and food security in Myanmar”, was released to industry stakeholders and government representatives at a workshop in Yangon on 28 January 2016. In his opening remarks, Dr Duncan Boughton, Professor, International Development at Michigan State University, said good information and reliable data was vital for effective policy making. The CESD, MSU and IFPRI research provides data for the aquaculture (fish farming) industry that has not previously been available, and that differs from some of the conventional wisdom about Myanmar’s fish farming industry. The research will provide valuable input into policy discussions and the development of policy that supports and promotes a sustainable and equitable growth in the aquaculture industry. Presentations from the launch and workshop, a press release and a link to the findings of the aquaculture research are provided below. Launch and workshop for the “Aquaculture in transition: Value chain transformation, fish and food security in Myanmar”, 9am – 1pm, Thursday 28 January 2016, at Sedona Hotel, Yangon. Agenda (PDF; English version; 1 page; 135 Kb) Presentation 01: “The status of aquaculture in Myanmar: A review of existing data”, by Kyan Htoo, Research Associate, CESD English version (PDF; English version; 23 pages; 966 Kb) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 23 pages; 970 Kb) Presentation 02: “The structure and performance of aquaculture value chains in Myanmar”, by Dr Ben Belton, Assistant Professor, Michigan State University English version (PDF; English version; 26 pages; 2,569 Kb) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 25 pages; 2,748 Kb) Presentation 03: “Policy options for inclusive aquaculture growth”, by Aung Hein, Research Associate, CESD English version (PDF; English version; 8 pages; 142 Kb) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 8 pages; 166 Kb) Press release English version (PDF; English version; 3 pages; 736 Kb) (and copied below) Myanmar version (PDF; Myanmar version; 5 pages; 731 Kb) Aquaculture research paper and policy brief....."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: CESD - CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT (MYANMAR)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016


Title: A Quiet Revolution Emerging in the Fish-farming Value Chain in Myanmar: Implications for National Food Security
Date of publication: November 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Fish farming (aquaculture) is important to Myanmar’s food security and is developing and transforming quickly. This brief presents findings from a new field survey of the farmed fish value chain that is more detailed and broader than any previous study conducted in Myanmar. Many of our findings are at odds with what we perceive as conventional wisdom about fish farming in Myanmar. The findings have important policy implications to unlock the sector’s full growth potential and food security contributions."
Author/creator: Ben Belton, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, L. Seng Kham, Ulrike Nischan, Thomas Reardon and Duncan Boughton
Language: English
Source/publisher: Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD), Michigan State University, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund
Format/size: pdf (198K-reduced version; 273K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/CESD-2015-11-A_Quiet_Revolution_Emerging_in_the_Fish-farming-en....
https://mdricesd.files.wordpress.com/2016/01/aquaculture_policy_brief_1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2016


Title: Fish, Rice and Agricultural Land Use in Myanmar: Preliminary findings from the Food Security Policy Project
Date of publication: 05 May 2015
Description/subject: "... Food Security Policy Project Components: • Value chains and livelihoods research • Mon State rural livelihoods and economy survey • Fish value chain • Other product and input value chains assessments • Policy Advising (e.g. Mon State Rural Development Strategy) • Training and Outreach..."
Author/creator: Ben Belton, Aung Hein, Kyan Htoo, Seng Kham, Paul Dorosh, Emily Schmidt
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Development Resource Institute (MDRI)
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 April 2016


Title: The Threat to Fisheries and Aquaculture from Climate Change
Date of publication: 08 May 2014
Description/subject: Key Messages: • Significance of fisheries and aquaculture. Fish provide essential nutrition and income to an ever-growing number of people around the world, especially where other food and employment resources are limited. Many fishers and aquaculturists are poor and ill-prepared to adapt to change, making them vulnerable to impacts on fish resources. • Nature of the climate change threat. Fisheries and aquaculture are threatened by changes in temperature and, in freshwater ecosystems, precipitation. Storms may become more frequent and extreme, imperilling habitats, stocks, infrastructure and livelihoods. • The need to adapt to climate change. Greater climate variability and ncertainty complicate the task of identifying impact pathways and areas of vulnerability, requiring research to devise and pursue coping strategies and improve the adaptability of fishers and aquaculturists. • Strategies for coping with climate change. Fish can provide opportunities to adapt to climate change by, for example, integrating aquaculture and agriculture, which can help farmers cope with drought while boosting profits and household nutrition. Fisheries management must move from seeking to maximize yield to increasing adaptive capacity.
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Fish Center
Format/size: pdf (747K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs17/Climate%20Change%20and%20Fisheries.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 May 2014


Title: Coping and Adaptation against Decreasing Fish Resources :Case Study of Fishermen in Lake Inle, Myanmar
Date of publication: March 2012
Description/subject: Abstract: "Fishermen depend on Lake Inle in Myanmar for their livelihood. However, the lake has been undergoing environmental degradation over the years. Adding to the long-term decrease in the catch because of this degradation, these fishermen faced extremely low water levels in 20 I 0, which they had previously not experienced. Based on field surveys, this paper aims to reveal how fishermen adapted and coped with the changing environment as well as the sudden shock of the abnormally low water levels"....Keywords: coping, adaptation, resource, fishermen
Author/creator: Ikuko OKAMOTO
Language: English
Source/publisher: Institute for Developing Economies (IDE DISCUSSION PAPER No. 329
Format/size: pdf (183K)
Date of entry/update: 25 May 2012


Title: Issues Affecting the Movement of Rural Labour in Myanmar: Rakhine Case Study
Date of publication: July 2009
Description/subject: Abstract "This paper presents issues affecting the movement of rural labour in Myanmar, by examining the background, purpose and earned income of labourers migrating to fishing villages in southern Rakhine. A broad range of socioeconomic classes, from poor to rich, farmers to fishermen, is migrating from broader areas to specific labour-intensive fishing subsectors, such as anchovy fishing. These labourers are a mixed group of people whose motives lie either in supplementing their household income or accumulating capital for further expansion of their economic activities. The concentration of migrating labourers with different objectives in this particular unstable, unskilled employment opportunity suggests an insufficiently developed domestic labour market in rural Myanmar. There is a pressing need to create stable labour-intensive industries to meet this demand."
Author/creator: Ikuko Okamoto
Language: English
Source/publisher: INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPING ECONOMIES (IDE), JETRO Discussion Paper 206
Format/size: pdf (289K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Issues_Affecting_the_Movement_of_Rural_Labour_in_Myanmar-Rakhine...
Date of entry/update: 12 September 2009


Title: The Shrimp Export Boom and Small-Scale Fishermen in Myanmar
Date of publication: March 2008
Description/subject: ABSTRACT: "This paper examines the impact of the recent shrimp export boom in Myanmar on the economic state of small-scale fishermen. Results indicate that there has been an active increase in shrimp fishing stimulated by expanding export demand. With this, the income of shrimp fishermen has increased dramatically in the past 10 years. However, future prospects appear gloomy due to the possibility of over exploitation of shrimp resources... Keywords: Fishery, Resources, Export JEL classification: N5, Q2
Author/creator: Ikuko Okamoto
Language: English
Source/publisher: Institute of Developing Economies (IDE Discussion Paper 135)
Format/size: pdf (248 KB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Download/Dp/135.html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2010


Title: Trends of Development of Myanmar Fisheries: With References to Japanese Experiences
Date of publication: February 2008
Description/subject: "Judging by the increase in landing volume, Myanmar fisheries is developing fast. Due to the amount of export earning fisheries sector have its role as one of the main contributors to the national GDP. Thus fisheries are recognized as an important economic sector for the country. The fisheries landing is significantly increasing in recent years. It is more than three times larger than that of 1990s. In 1990-91 the earning form fisheries export was only US$ 13 million. It has been significantly increased in 10 years to US$ 218 million in 2000-2001 and then US$ 250 million in 2001-2002. Thereby fisheries export is promoted and the landings are given priority for exporting. Due to the lack of proper reporting and recording system, it is difficult to clarify the actual domestic utilization of fisheries products in terms of food or non food..."
Author/creator: Khin Maung Soe
Language: English
Source/publisher: Institute of Developing Economies (VRF paper 433)
Format/size: pdf (599K)
Date of entry/update: 22 April 2008


Title: Myanmar Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries
Date of publication: 2003
Description/subject: ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS... EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... BACKGROUND TO THE MISSION: International mission team members; Myanmar fisheries sector... MYANMAR - MISSION REPORT ON INLAND AQUACULTURE AND FISHERIES: Myanmar - aquaculture and inland fisheries: Inland fisheries and aquaculture resources; The role of inland fisheries and aquaculture in people's livelihoods in Myanmar; Participation in capture fisheries; Gender aspects; Securing food; Fish consumption; Identifying the poor; Understanding peoples livelihoods... Leasable fisheries; Auction process, duration of lease and renewal; Fishery management; Thaung Tha Man - Mandalay; Mandalay town; South Mandalay; Inle Lake; Open fisheries and rice field resources: Enhancement of freshwater leasable fisheries/culture-based fisheries; Reservoirs; Freshwater aquaculture: Land use for aquaculture; Rice-fish culture; Pond aquaculture; Freshwater species cultured in Myanmar; Stocking and harvesting; Government hatcheries; Private hatcheries; Feeds and feeding... Marketing: Inle Lake fishery and marketing; Institutions and their roles; The role of the Department of Fisheries (DoF); The role of Myanmar Fisheries Federation (MFF)... Inland fisheries and aquaculture: conclusions and recommendations; Information and statistics and appropriate valuation of fisheries resources; Aquaculture and aquatic resources in rural development; Institutions, communications and networking; Research... MYANMAR - MISSION REPORT ON COASTAL AQUACULTURE: Myanmar - coastal aquaculture; Coastal aquaculture in Myanmar; Coastal habitats and resources; Brief history and status of coastal aquaculture... Sub-sector analysis: Shrimp farming; Crab farming; Marine and brackishwater fish culture (groupers and seabass); Other species; Role of coastal aquaculture in people's livelihoods in Myanmar... Gender: Role of small-holder aquaculture? Income diversification... Resources management and environmental issues: Coastal mangrove forests; Coral reef resource systems; Other environmental management issues for aquaculture... Government policies, plans and institutions: Institutions; Land use planning and coastal management; Business investment in coastal aquaculture; Market trends and implications... Coastal aquaculture: conclusions and recommendations: Coastal communities; Environmental issues and resource sustainability; Aquaculture technology; Institutional support and capacity building; Aquatic animal disease control and health management; Business investment in coastal aquaculture; Market trends and implications; Coastal fisheries resources; Entry points for support in coastal aquaculture... ANNEX 1: MISSION ITINERARY; ANNEX 2: A SHORT HISTORY OF THE MYANMAR LEASABLE FISHERIES; ANNEX 3: LIST OF PERSONS MET; ANNEX 4: READING AND REFERENCES.
Language: English
Source/publisher: FAO
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/004/ad497e
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2010


Title: Myanmar Fisheries Profile
Date of publication: October 2001
Language: English
Source/publisher: FAO
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index.asp?lang=en&iso3=MMR&subj=6
http://www.fao.org/fishery/countrysector/FI-CP_MM/en
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2010


Title: What's Wrong in Ranong
Date of publication: February 2001
Description/subject: Ranong is the second largest Burmese community in Thailand, where many migrants work in the fishing and its related industries. However, the community has been hit by an economic downturn in part caused by the loss of fishing concessions from Burma.
Author/creator: John S. Moncrief/Ranong, Thailand and Kawthaung, Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 9. No. 2
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Support to Special Plan for Prawn and Shrimp Farming, Myanmar.
Date of publication: 1999
Description/subject: DEVELOPMENT PLANS, FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT, FOREIGN INVESTMENT, JOINT VENTURES, MARKETS, MYANMAR, PRAWNS AND SHRIMPS, PRODUCTION ECONOMICS, PROFITABILITY, SHELLFISH CULTURE, TAXES. Investment, finance and credit. Development economics and policies. Bangkok 1998 Aquaculture production
Author/creator: Basir Kunhimohamed, A.
Language: English
Source/publisher: FAO
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Reformulation and Strengthening of Fisheries Statistics System
Date of publication: 1998
Description/subject: An account is given of activities implemented during the Technical Cooperation Programme project 'Reformulation and strengthening of fisheries statistics system' in Myanmar which included the following: 1) computer training for staff; 2) species guide for field enumerators and for training purposes; 3) frame survey of Yangon Division; 4) data collection and catch analysis on industrial fisheries (trawlers); 5) training on grouping and ranking programme; 6) species coding list for industrial landing forms; 7) a study tour to Mee Pya and Thi La War fishing villages; 8) a visit to Marine Resources Centre and Fish Landing Site; 9) assistance to national gear technologist and aquaculturist; 10) training on 'The collection of catch and effort statistics, and basic sampling theory'; and, 11) workshop on Fisheries Resources Management. CATCH COMPOSITION, DATA ANALYSIS, DATA COLLECTION, DATA PROCESSING, FISHERY DATA, MARINE FISHERIES, STATISTICAL METHODS. Fisheries production, Mathematical and statistical methods. Bangkok 1997
Author/creator: Dr Sann Aung (FAO National Expert/Fisheries Statistician)
Language: English
Source/publisher: FAO (TCP/MYA/4553)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Site selection towards sustainable shrimp aquaculture in Myanmar
Date of publication: 1998
Author/creator: Charles L. Angell (FAO Shrimp Culture Environment Expert)
Language: English
Source/publisher: FAO
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: The Freshwater Fisheries Law - SLORC Law No. 1/91 (English)
Date of publication: 04 March 1991
Description/subject: State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 1/91 (4 March 1991)
Language: English
Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222123/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/Indexs/lr_law...
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2010


Title: The Myanmar Marine Fisheries Law - SLORC Law No. 9/90 (English)
Date of publication: 25 April 1990
Description/subject: State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No. 9/90 (25 April 1990)
Language: English
Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) via The Burma Lawyers' Council
Format/size: pdf (82K), html
Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20110902222005/http://www.blc-burma.org/html/Myanmar%20Law/lr_e_ml90_09....
http://eelink.net/~asilwildlife/MyanmarFisheries.htm
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2010